Comments Off on NDEWS Sentinel Community Site Advance Report 2016: Selected Findings for Heroin, Fentanyl, and Methamphetamine

More Than 10% of People Entering Drug Treatment in 2015 in All Five Western Sites Reported Methamphetamine as Their Primary Substance of Abuse

  • Methamphetamine ranks in the top four primary substances reported by treatment admissions in all five NDEWS sites west of the Mississippi River; 10% or more of drug treatment admissions in each of these sites reported methamphetamine as their primary substance of abuse (Figure 3). Texas and Los Angeles reported a steady increase from 2012 to 2015 (10.2% to 15.9% in Texas; 16.9% to 25.3% in Los Angeles).
  • In contrast, less than 1% of treatment admissions in 6 of the NDEWS sites east of the Mississippi River mentioned methamphetamine as their primary substance of abuse in 2015; the exception in the east was Atlanta Metro which had a steady increase in admissions with methamphetamine as a primary substance of abuse from 5.6% in 2011 to 8.8% in 2014. (Data was only available through 2014.)
  • Data from the DEA’s National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) show that in 2015, methamphetamine was one of the top three drugs identified by law enforcement in all five NDEWS sites west of the Mississippi River; in four of the western sites, the percentage of methamphetamine drug reports was more than 25% of total analyzed drug reports submitted.

Related Quotes from NDEWS SCEs: 

  • Texas: “Methamphetamine indicators are higher than before the pseudoephedrine ban in 2007–2008…The methamphetamine made in Mexico using the P2P process is increasingly pure and more potent with more reports by Texas outreach workers of use by men who have sex with men and high-risk heterosexuals with increases in HIV and syphilis. The HIV mode of exposure among men who have sex with men is at the same level in 2015 (70% of all cases) as it was in 1988 when data on mode of exposure were first collected in Texas.”
  • King County (Seattle Area): “Methamphetamine-involved deaths totaled 86 in 2015, which was the highest number recorded for the drug after a relatively constant number of deaths, approximately 20 per year, from 2003 to 2011. In 2014 and 2015, half of the methamphetamine deaths also involved heroin.”
  • San Francisco: “The number of SFGH [San Francisco General Hospital] hospitalizations involving methamphetamine has also increased consistently since 2009 as have the number of deaths involving methamphetamine as a causal agent; methamphetamine-involved deaths exceeded cocaine-involved deaths for the first time in 2015.”
  • Los Angeles: “Across five major indicators of Los Angeles County substance use and consequences trends (treatment admissions, National Forensic Laboratory Information System (NFLIS) drug reports, medical examiner toxicology cases, poison control center calls, and nonfatal emergency department (ED) visits), consistent increases were seen for methamphetamine for 2015 over 2014 (for ED visits, 2014 over 2013), which showed continuing upward trends for the past 4–6 years.”
  • Denver Metro: “Methamphetamine had declined from peak years in 2005-06 through 2010 in the DMA [Denver Metropolitan Area], but it has resurged sharply since 2011 with all indicators (treatment admissions, hospital discharges, ED visits, mortality, RMPDC calls, and NFLIS and DCL exhibits) on the rise.”
  • Atlanta Metro: “Atlanta has traditionally had the highest rates of methamphetamine use than any other major U.S. city east of the Mississippi River. In 2015, death-related data and Georgia Poison Control Center call results suggest that methamphetamine use in Atlanta continued to increase, supply was up, and demand continued to be strong.”
  • Maine: “Methamphetamine indicators continue to show mixed trends at mostly low levels. There were 3 deaths in 2015, only 3% of impaired drivers with methamphetamine-positive urine, and the treatment admissions numbered only 47. Yet, the incidence of methamphetamine small lab incidents has been rising sharply over the last several years, going from 28 in 2014 to 56 in 2015. Early 2016 indicators suggest this number may double.”

 

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https://ndews.umd.edu/sites/ndews.umd.edu/files/u1424/2016_ndews_scs_advance_report.pdf

 

 

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