• Chelsea Sperry, 31, was arrested in late November in Fairbanks, Alaska, after allegedly trying to use a fake $100 bill at a store
  • A body cavity search performed in jail netted six $100 bills, three $50, seven $20 bill and a single $10 – all fake – and one genuine $10 bill
  • Police also found meth, morphine sulfate pills, heroin and 40 empty baggies inside Sperry’s genitals

Police in Alaska were in for a surprise when they went to perform a body cavity search on a woman suspected of passing counterfeit bills.chelsea-sperry

According to a criminal complaint, Chelsea Sperry, of Fairbanks, was found to be hiding more than a dozen fake banknotes of various denominations inside her vagina, as well as methamphetamine, heroin and morphine sulfate pills stashed in plastic baggies.

Sperry, 31, has been charged with felony forgery and drug charges, along with first-degree count of driving with a suspended license.

Last week, the district attorney’s office dropped the first-degree forgery charge, reported the Fairbanks Daily News-Miner.

Court documents filed in the case stated that Sperry and her boyfriend, Jeff Martin, were arrested on November 30 for allegedly trying to use a counterfeit $100 at Castle Megastore, an adult entertainment and novelty store, in Fairbanks.

Employees at the business called police and Sperry took off from the scene after her boyfriend handed her a wad of cash, according to the complaint.

Responding officers caught up with the fugitive at a nearby gas station and transported her to the local jail.

As Sperry, who had a past criminal record, was being booked on charges of driving with a suspended license and violating conditions of release, a female corrections officer noticed the woman making ‘furtive movements’ towards her crotch, the documents stated.2F49D2C100000578-0-image-a-62_1449862896446

A body scanner then detected foreign objects present inside Sperry’s body.

A subsequent cavity search yielded six $100 bills, three $50, seven $20 bill and a single $10 – all fake – concealed inside Sperry’s privates. A real $10 bill was discovered inside the woman’s backside.

Police searched the pockets of Sperry’s boyfriend, Jeff Martin and found a digital scale and several hundred dollars in cash. The tattoo artist was not charged with any crime.

The officer who performed the search also recovered from Sperry’s genitals two baggies containing eight grams of methamphetamine; another baggie with seven morphine sulfate pills; two more baggies filled with heroin, and a supply of 40 empty baggies commonly used in drug distribution, according to The Smoking Gun.akshocker1

The bogus bills were missing watermarks and security threads, and were marked ‘for motion picture use only,’ according to the complaint.

When police searched Sperry’s boyfriend, they allegedly found a digital scale and several hundred dollars in cash inside his pocket, but the man was not arrested or charged.

According to his Facebook page, Mr Martin is a tattoo artist. His online photo album includes a picture of himself posing in front of a collage depicting Benjamin Franklin on the $100 bill.

Ms Sperry is currently out on $5,000 bail. She has been arrested for theft twice this year, but all the charges were later dropped.









Cops Find “Wad” Of Cash, Drugs Inside Alaskan

DECEMBER 11–An Alaska woman appears to have set the record for the amount of counterfeit currency and narcotics hidden inside body orifices, according to court records.

Fairbanks police were dispatched last month to an adult novelty store after a clerk called 911 to report that a couple sought to purchase merchandise with a counterfeit $100 bill.

Before cops could get to the Castle Megastore, suspect Chelsea Sperry, 31, left the business with a “large wad of cash” provided by her boyfriend (who waited for police to arrive). Shortly after Sperry drove away from the business, she was pulled over by police who had been given her description by the store employee.

When a check revealed that Sperry was driving with a suspended license, she was arrested and transported to the Fairbanks Correctional Center.2F4967CC00000578-0-image-m-61_1449862890535

At the jail, a corrections officer observed Sperry “making furtive movements toward her vagina,” according to a criminal complaint. Sperry was then “put through a body scan,” which revealed that she “had items concealed in her vagina or anus.”

A female corrections officer subsequently “removed a wad of cash and drugs from inside” Sperry. The haul included six $100 bills, three $50 bills, and seven $20 bills, all of which were counterfeit. The $890 in funny money, however, was supplemented by a genuine $10 bill that “was discovered in Sperry’s anus.”

Sperry’s vagina, investigators noted, also held two baggies of methamphetamine, a baggie containing seven morphine sulfate pills, and two baggies containing a “brown tarry substance” that tested positive for heroin. The corrections officer also recovered a “clear plastic baggie” containing 40 smaller baggies that were similar in size to the ones containing the meth and heroin. The smaller baggies, the complaint notes, are “commonly used for the distribution of smaller amounts of heroin and methamphetamine.”

Pictured above, Sperry was indicted this month on felony narcotics and forgery charges, as well as two misdemeanor counts related to driving with a suspended license. Sperry, who is free on $5000 bond, has been arrested twice this year for theft, though charges were subsequently dropped in each case.

A police search of Sperry’s boyfriend, Jeffrey Martin, turned up several hundred dollars and a digital scale, though he does not appear to have been charged.

Sperry’s arrest–which was first reported by Dorothy Chomicz of the Fairbanks Daily News‑Miner–was brought to TSG’s attention by a reader who demanded to know, “How big of a hoohaa does this woman have?” The correspondent then answered their own question, declaring, “Bigger than a backpack!” (3 pages)







Alaska Woman’s Storage Capacity Astonishes Police

When Fairbanks police arrested Chelsea Sperry in late November for driving on a suspended license and the suspicion she’d passed a fake $100 bill, they had no way of knowing she was a walking storage locker full of vice. At least not until she made “furtive movements toward her vagina,” according to police reports. That’s when, reported The Smoking Gun, investigating officers found there was a lot more to the case than was visible to the naked eye:

A female corrections officer subsequently “removed a wad of cash and drugs from inside” Sperry. The haul included six $100 bills, three $50 bills, and seven $20 bills, all of which were counterfeit. The $890 in funny money, however, was supplemented by a genuine $10 bill that “was discovered in Sperry’s anus.”

But wait, there was more! Police documents published by TSG also indicated Sperry was “storing” a couple of baggies of “suspected” meth, two more bags of some “brown tarry substance,” and a “baggie containing seven blue pills.”

Police identified the blue pills as morphine. The inventory wasn’t complete with the morphine, however—Ms. Sperry was also found to have stored a larger plastic baggie in which there were 40 smaller bags, which the police report stated were “the same sizes as the baggies the meth and heroin were in.” The reporting officer stated that such bags were often used to package and distribute heroin and methamphetamine.

Jeffrey Martin, a male companion picked up with Chelsea Sperry at the time of her arrest, happened to have a lot of money and a scale, but TSG reported that the police apparently didn’t arrest him nor make note of whether he also had chosen to turn an orifice into a hidey-hole.

The Fairbanks Daily News-Miner reported that Sperry was “charged with felony first-degree forgery, felony third-degree drug misconduct and misdemeanor fourth-degree drug misconduct,” though the district attorney’s office later dropped the forgery charge.

Sperry was reportedly let go on a $5000 bond, perhaps feeling a little lighter with her burdens in evidence storage—and now, in body cavity-searching legend.







  • Aspiring hairdresser Betty Jones* smoked ice almost every hour
  • It was a torrid time where she would stay awake for days in a row
  • The South Australian woman would fly into rages under the influence
  • ‘It’s the home-wrecking drug,’ she said and isolated her from her family
  • She is just one example of the scourge of ice addiction in rural Australia

It’s the insidious drug scourge causing havoc across the Australian outback.

Crystal methamphetamine, better known as ice, is a contagion that has swallowed small towns and broken families.2F43B06B00000578-3355543-Ms_Jones_is_pictured_in_the_back_seat_of_a_car_with_a_friend_dur-a-36_1449818729206

And it doesn’t help when addicts get it for free – as was the case for recovering addict Betty Jones*, 19, who says she’s never paid a cent for the drug.

Ms Jones is pictured in the back seat of a car with a friend during a time where she was under the influence

An aspiring hairdresser, at its worst, Ms Jones smoked the drug on a pipe ‘nearly every one to two hours’.

It was a torrid time where, a walking zombie, she would stay awake for most of a week… but at the same time felt as if she was superhuman.

‘When I had it (ice) I felt really good, that I could do anything,’ she told Daily Mail Australia.

‘When I had a bit of a comedown I’d feel really tired. But I would just have more and more.

‘Sometimes I could be up for two or three days, sometimes four days.’

Ms Jones is from rural South Australia – but she’s far from the only person she knows who’s struggling with the drug and addiction. She believes she knows more than 30 addicts.2F43A1B400000578-3355543-image-a-37_14498188014932F43A1A800000578-3355543-image-a-38_1449818808285

She is telling her tale to warn others of the effects of the substance and to ‘help people that are suffering’ – because it had a tragic impact on her life.

‘I think of it as the home-wrecking drug,’ she said – one that separated her from the people that loved her and made her feel nothing but numb inside.

‘When I had a bit of a comedown I’d feel really tired. But I would just have more and more,’ Ms Jones said

‘I… isolated myself from everything and everyone,’ she said. ‘I didn’t contact my family, I didn’t talk to my family.

‘I didn’t care at the time,’ she said.

‘It all started when one of my friends came to my house and brought other people,’ Ms Jones said.

‘That’s when I started to hang around them (a group of male friends) more often’.

‘I knew of it (ice) my whole life so I just wanted to try it.’

For the first 18 months it was an occasional habit, but after personal issues last July it became part of her life..

Ms Jones separated herself from her family and would blow up in rages at family and friends.

She was sensitive to even the slightest criticisms – recalling one episode where she threw things at her then-boyfriend in anger when he wouldn’t get up for work.2F43A1D400000578-3355543-During_her_time_on_ice_Ms_Jones_would_stay_awake_for_most_of_a_w-m-42_1449819581648

Her father, mother and sisters pleaded with her to ditch the drug.

‘We just used to get into arguments. I’d tell them (my family) to piss off and stuff,’ she said.

‘I was really angry because they were trying to say I was a drug addict because I was so far gone.’

She became confused and frightened when she began to suffer serious memory losses, completely forgetting how she ended up in certain places.

‘I don’t really have any memories because I kind of forgot everything – I was that bad I would forget things.

During her time on ice, Ms Jones would stay awake for most of a week… but at the same time felt as if she was superhuman and could do anything.

For the first 18 months it was an occasional habit, but after personal issues last July it became part of every waking moment of her life

‘I would end up at peoples’ houses but I’d forget how I got there sometimes, confused on how I can’t remember the drive’.

But since October, she’s had a change of heart and finally kicked the habit.

She says she is too disgusted by the drug to go back: ‘I don’t even want it’.

The change has been huge. She’s studying hairdressing, working on setting herself up for a career. She even believes it’s changed her appearance, for the better.

‘I thought I was pretty but now I look back and realise I was horrible,’ she said of her time on the drug.

‘I feel and look a lot healthier’.

Her family and friends appear to agree.


* not her real name








At just 19, Marion Ellson was no stranger to life’s dark side.

She’d taken her first drink at about age 10. By the time she hit her early teens, she had started experimenting with marijuana and mushrooms. She was 14 when, living on the streets of Winnipeg, she started using cocaine, including intravenously.Marion Ellson

Before she hit 20, she had formed an acquaintance that would plague her for years to come.

“I’d been in and out of foster homes and youth detention centers, stuff like that, but I was a runaway,” she says.

“But the first time I guess I ever tried crystal meth, I was 19.”

At the time, Ellson was visiting her aunt in California, where the drug — known there at the time as crank — was readily available due to the household ingredients used to make it.

“Anybody and everybody could make it,” she says.

Ellson would become a regular in the Regina drug scene, making her an expert in the rise and fall of specific drugs as they surged in popularity or fell out of favour among users. She recalls it being about 1998 when she first heard of crystal meth being available on Regina streets.

“Nobody knew how much (to take) or how it affected you or anything,” she says. “It was just a new drug and so I think it was kind of scary, but it was exciting, too, for drug addicts. And I just remember this young girl died … So I think it kind of scared people a little bit.”

By 2004, the fear had faded enough among users to earn the drug a place in numerous media reports as politicians, police, addictions professionals, researchers, and the loved ones of addicts debated how best to address the increasing problem.

Whether because of strategies put in place or something else, crystal meth appeared to die away in time. While it never completely disappeared — addicts like Ellson were still able to access it most of the time — it fell from a rolling boil to a simmer as other drugs, such as cocaine, overtook it in popularity.

But while crystal meth was down, it was far from out.

Addictions counselor and educator Rand Teed says it’s often those with pre-existing substance abuse problems that turn to crystal meth due to the high accessibility and low price of the drug, as well as the effects.

“The high that you get from crystal meth is very strong and very fast, as is the crash,” he says. “So once you’re in that crash cycle, it almost becomes imperative to find something to get you out of that. And so the last drug you used is usually the most attractive. And it is physically and psychologically very dependence-forming.”

Teed says he’s noticed a “huge increase” in the drug within the last year or 14 months. Meanwhile, Regina Police Service Sergeant Todd Wall — who is in charge of the Regina Integrated Drug Enforcement Street Team — says he and his team have noticed a rise over the past two years.

“It’s more accessible in the sense that it can be produced regionally or even locally — like in town — due to the ingredients that are required to make it,” Wall says.

While Wall couldn’t confirm whether there are any meth labs operating in the city, he says it’s certainly possible. Wall and Teed say a significant quantity is being brought in from British Columbia.

Setting aside the obvious risks and outright dangers of crystal meth use, Teed is concerned about the age of some of the users he has encountered and the manner in which they access it. He says the drug is easily accessible to high school-aged partygoers, and he’s talked to kids as young as 14 and 15 who have tried it. Added to that is the fact it is sometimes disguised as other substances, such as the party drug Molly.

“Molly is supposed to be MDMA but, typically, it isn’t,” Teed says. “It may have some MDMA in it, but it’s mostly crystal meth because it’s much cheaper to produce. And if it has a more attractive name, it becomes easier to use.”

And the risks affect more than just the user. Those high on crystal meth can exhibit erratic, unpredictable, and even violent behavior, creating potential dangers to those around them, Wall says.

While police aren’t specifically targeting crystal meth — cocaine remains the most prolific drug on Regina streets — they do investigate when they receive information about dealers or producers of meth. (Those with information on this or other drugs are asked to contact city police at 306-777-6500, Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477 or the drug tip line at 306-777-8602.)

“Meth is on the rise, there’s no doubt,” Wall says.

Born 31 years ago in an Austrian refugee camp to a Hungarian family, David Poloskei came to Regina at about age 10. At 13, the teenager began using marijuana as a way to rebel, a habit he continued to nurture throughout high school.

It wasn’t until he finished high school and moved out on his own that Poloskei branched out to other drugs.

“I started selling weed and then very quickly progressed into coke and crack and acid and ecstasy, meth and mushrooms and DMT and pretty much anything I could find,” he says.

Poloskei was about 19 when he started steadily using crystal meth.

“It gives you the alertness and the energy to just keep on going and doing whatever it is that you want to be doing without really making you just a drooling pile of uselessness,” he says, adding it gave him “the stimulant that I was looking for.”

For many crystal meth users, lengthy periods without sleep are the norm. Poloskei proved the rule.

“The longest I was ever up for was 28 days,” he recalls. “I don’t think that I was functioning properly by the end of that. But just on average, you’d be up for like 10 to 15 days, not really doing anything, just staying awake and finding things to do. Not good things necessarily.”

For Poloskei, a typical waking day consisted of getting high and checking to see whether any of his customers were looking to get hooked up. Like many addicts, Poloskei used drug dealing as a way to access drugs for himself.

And, like many addicts, he turned to other types of crime to earn money to feed his habit.

“Usually somewhere along the way, somebody would message me about a score, something to go steal,” he says. “So I would probably go do that and then we would get high.”

During the extended periods of wakefulness, Poloskei would busy himself working on vehicles or taking things apart “just for the sake of taking it apart, which is a very common thing amongst meth addicts as well,” he says.

“It’s a great personal point of pride that we could actually take it apart and put it back together and it would work …,” he says. “(Crystal meth) gives you the alertness and the stimulant to keep you awake and focused so you can totally focus on something, and forget about time completely. I’ve totally made people wait like three days for me to go and hook them up when I’d be like, ‘Yeah, yeah, I’m on my way, I’ll be there in five minutes.’ And I’d hang up the phone and start doing something and then completely forget about everything else.”

Addiction to crystal meth happens fast, users saying it can occur after as little as one use.

Poloskei found himself wanting nothing but the meth, the high from other drugs incomparable. For Ellson, crystal meth became the vehicle she used to keep her away from cocaine — another commonality among some who use the drug.

“I know a lot of people are saying the same thing, that it’s keeping them off of coke, which to them is their drug of choice and the one drug that’s caused them the most problems,” she says. “But people aren’t seeing the harmful effects of crystal meth.”

For Ellson, those effects began with utter dependence on the drug simply to get out of bed in the morning, and then to function throughout the day.

“I would probably inject the drug maybe three to five times a day and, in between that, I would smoke it,” she says. “So it’s, I don’t know how to explain it, but you know that if you don’t have it, you can’t function. You can’t get out of bed. You can’t do anything, really. So the fear is not having it. And even if you have it, just knowing you have it is comfort enough. You’ll regulate your use. You can cut down enough, but you can never go without it.”

Ellson says she managed to give up drug use for several periods in her life, most notably when she was pregnant with her children. But the drugs were always there, waiting to welcome her back.

Ellson says she lost everything, sending her kids to live with their father, losing a home and property, and turning to drug dealing and stealing copper and scrap metal to fund her addiction. Now 50, Ellson looks at pictures of herself while in the throes of the addiction and sees sunken cheeks, meth sores and lost teeth.

“When I started seeing things like that happening to me, I just wanted it to stop,” she says. “But when you’re out there, it’s hard.”

While there are real struggles for those looking to kick an addiction, there are also challenges for those trying to help.

Sitting in an office inside the Regina Drug Treatment Court building, addictions counselors Maggie Monson and Sara Schulhauser talk about the challenges of ensuring there is help immediately available for addicts when they decide they want to quit.

“That’s the difficulty, especially with crystal meth users, is that as soon as you have them at a place where they’re willing to accept the help, you want to get them into somewhere as rapidly as possible,” Monson says. “And when that’s not available, then it can take upwards of weeks or months to get them willing to do that again.”

Teed says he doesn’t believe the province has enough treatment capacity, his clients currently facing significant waits to get into a detox bed.

“Two years ago, I could phone a detox centre and usually get somebody in the next day, and now, sometimes, it’s 10 days,” he says.

While Ellson tried numerous times to quit, Poloskei admits he’d never truly considered it until a series of events changed his views.

Poloskei’s life in the drug world was far from glamorous. Having lost his house, he landed on the streets where he remained, homeless, for 2 1/2 years. Poloskei and a friend, a fellow user, spent one winter living in a parking garage.

Although he’d been arrested before, he recalls one arrest in particular irked him since he’d almost finished a conditional sentence order and had a good job lined up. Told he was looking at a three-year prison term, Poloskei took advantage of an alternative option which was drug treatment court.

Adding to his reasons to change his life was a drug deal that went dangerously bad and his desire to be a good dad. When his then-girlfriend’s pregnancy ended in a miscarriage, Poloskei opted not to let the loss send him backwards.

“I could have gone the way that so many other people that I know have gone in that situation and just turned straight back to drugs because of it,” he says. “But instead, I decided to use that as motivation for myself, for my personal life. So now I want to change for myself. I want to have a better life, and the only way I’m going to do that is if I change the one thing that’s been keeping me in that life.”

Poloskei graduated from drug treatment court on April 15 and is drug-free. Nine months ago, he became a dad to a baby girl.

After 14 years of daily crystal meth use, Ellson started drug treatment court on March 25 and is nine months clean.

“I had to change everything I know,” she says. “I don’t associate with people I used to associate with and I’ve just put two feet into this new lifestyle and there’s a lot of rewards and benefits … But if you don’t have people behind you that are supporting you, it would be impossible. The success rate for meth users that go through treatment and stuff is very low. I don’t know exactly why. I just know what’s working for me.”

Like Poloskei, Ellson has children to provide her with motivation to stay clean — including a son who is battling his own addiction.

“I’m grateful now that I got picked up by the police to be honest with you, because I needed an intervention of some sort,” Ellson says. “I don’t have a lot of family. My parents are gone and stuff, and my son … he’s 18 years old and for him, too, I wanted to set a good example and become a role model for him. And now he’s in recovery as well, so I’m really grateful for that.”







SAUGERTIES – A Saugerties woman was being held without bail Friday at Ulster County Jail, charged with felony drug possession, as part of a wide-reaching operation in which authorities seized 2.2 pounds of processed crystal methamphetamine with a street value of about $180,000, and 6 pounds of marijuana with a street value of about $8,000.

Town of Saugerties police said Christina Fretwell, 41, of 449 Route 212, Saugerties, was being held as part of an ongoing investigation that goes back to Nov. 20. Police said Fretwell and a California man were arrested on that date near the George Washington Bridge.

Police said at the time of the arrests, Fretwell and the California man were charged with felony drug possession with intent to distribute, under New Jersey law. Saugerties police said authorities raided Fretwell’s home on the same day she was arrested, along with another residence at 110 Partition St. in Saugerties, and that’s where they seized the drugs.

Police said Fretwell and the California man were arrested as a result of an investigation into the importation of marijuana and crystal methamphetamine from California to Saugerties.

Fretwell is due in Saugerties Town Court Jan. 6. The investigation is continuing, and local police have requested further assistance from federal authorities.







COLUMBIA, SC (WACH)- At around 8 AM Saturday morning, Columbia and Richland Fire responded to a house fire on 817 Ohio St. that was a result of Meth manufacturing.87f975dd-0bbc-4215-8bd0-7dad61d99857-large16x9_49ea9c8ff1e94bcf86848f0282e49c05Meth2

The suspect, Jeffrey McDaniel, had allegedly been cooking meth upstairs all night in the home when the bottle exploded Saturday morning.

McDaniel will be charged with manufacturing Meth, manufacturing Meth 1/2 mile within a school, trafficking, and additional charges are forthcoming.

Officials reported minor injuries to two other adults in the home.








After living in her Endicott neighborhood for 37 years, Linda Jackson says she’s come to know her neighbors pretty well.

Most of them, that is.

On Sept. 18, at a West Wendell Street residence just a few blocks from Jackson’s East Franklin St. home, law enforcement officials busted a functioning methamphetamine lab. Police had been investigating a lead in a burglary case when they made the discovery, which led to two arrests.B9316296265Z_1_20150218133529_000_G97A08B83_1-0

Jackson called the news a wake-up call about changes in the neighborhood she’s called home for nearly four decades.

“We brush off a lot because it’s never occurred to us that it could be in our neighborhood,” Jackson said. “Now, we’re thinking we should’ve known.”

But police point to a different and dangerous change over time: the new face of meth production.

They say the West Wendell lab, like nearly all small meth lab operations uncovered recently in the Southern Tier, was a so-called “one-pot” operation. In the one-pot method, meth makers combine anhydrous ammonia, pseudoephedrine tablets, water and a reactive metal in a container, such as a liter-sized soda bottle. Then, a chemical reaction leaves behind the addictive crystalline powder that users smoke, snort or ingest.

Officials list the one-pot method’s benefits to meth makers: The labs are cheap to make, the drugs cook quickly and the whole contraption is highly disposable. The result, police say, is that meth labs have moved from largely rural areas into more houses and neighborhoods like Jackson’s.

“It’s profitable — simplicity in the production, simplicity in acquiring the household chemicals to manufacture it,” said Investigator Sean Kilpatrick, an Endwell-based member of the New York State Police Community Narcotics Enforcement Team. “With that one-pot method, that increased the proximity of labs to labs, labs to neighbors. It’s definitely in the communities.”

Previous methods of meth cooking involved much more elaborate setups with containers simmering over open flame. But even a fledgling meth maker can easily access online instructions for building and using a one-pot lab.

And because the self-contained units are small, officials say, they can be quickly stashed in a car, and its components — filled with toxic residue — can be haphazardly discarded along the roadside, in a Dumpster, or in a stranger’s trash can or recycling bin.

A growing issue

Meth is a synthetic stimulant that affects the user’s central nervous system, and Kilpatrick said it gives you “a long rush for a long amount of time” compared to the effects of a narcotic such as cocaine.

Records maintained by the New York State Police indicate reports of labs where the drug is made have increased over the past five years.

Last year, state police identified 21 clandestine meth labs in Broome County — on top of 11 in 2013, according to records. In 2012, state police responded to just four meth labs that were reported to them.

Troopers reported nine meth labs in Chemung County during 2014, and six in 2013. A Nov. 14 fire in Elmira Heights led to the discovery of a meth lab. Police have charged Robbin J. Walburn, 47, of Fulton Street in Elmira, with a felony count of unlawful manufacture of methamphetamine.

In July, a tip from a passer-by led sheriff’s deputies to meth-making materials off Watercure Hill Road in the Town of Elmira. Police said a garbage bag contained the materials and hazardous waste associated with the production of meth, including 11 containers similar to Gatorade bottles and soft drink bottles.

Cortland County saw a significant spike from 2013 to 2014, according to police records. There were 8 meth labs reported for 2013 and 39 for 2014, the records show.

There were eight meth labs found in Tioga County in 2014 and four in 2013, according to state police records. Tompkins County had seven meth labs reported in 2014 and two in 2013.

All of these, officials said, were one-pot operations.

“One-pot” refers to the style of cooking — a batch can be made in about three hours, Kilpatrick said — not to the number of pots in an active meth lab. With enough equipment, multiple batches can be cooking in multiple pots simultaneously.

When police raided an Endicott residence Nov. 19, they seized no fewer than 16 used “one-pot” methamphetamine-making bottles and an ensemble of lab equipment and drug ingredients, including coffee filters, lantern fluid and narcotics packaging.

Police charged Steven Wiley, 33, of the residence on Squires Avenue, with felony drug charges in connection with the raid. The case marked the latest in a series of meth lab busts in the Town of Union and elsewhere in the region, shedding light on what law enforcement officials say is a persistent drug problem.

Environmental hazard

Capt. Sean Holley, of the Chemung County Sheriff’s Office, said remnants of the “one-pot” — also called “shake and bake” — meth labs can be found most anywhere in his county.

And the wasted containers, containing toxic residue, can be spotted on any roadside or even in someone’s garbage can, law enforcement officials said.

Rural areas are more attractive for meth cooks to toss their used bottles and other equipment out the car window, he said, because no one thinks twice about a discarded bottle on the roadside. But even in Chemung, the haphazard and hazardous disposal is beginning to migrate to the suburbs.

“It’s become a huge problem,” Holley said. “There’s less odor (with ‘one-pot’ labs), it’s small and compact. They’re flammable, and they can explode easily.”

Meth making comes with another dangerous side effect, according to the U.S. Department of Justice. The toxic nature of cooking meth can harm the environment and people who are in close proximity to its production.

Every pound of meth can generate up to five pounds of toxic waste that can seep into soil and groundwater, federal officials said. Fumes from meth production can also bring harm to anyone exposed, and they can generate highly explosive gases, according to police.

Those dangers multiply when meth is being made in a vehicle as opposed to a residence, Kilpatrick said.

On Aug. 19, police searching for a parolee wanted on a warrant discovered a one-pot meth cook simmering in the backseat of a vehicle outside a Lisle residence.

The parolee, 29-year-old Justin Knapp, fled but was later taken into custody. Broome County Sheriff’s deputies say he had 22 ounces of meth oil (a byproduct of making meth) and two ounces of powdered meth from that one-pot cook.

Because one-pot production combines its ingredients in one container, the chance of fire or explosion is higher than with traditional meth labs, according to law enforcement officials.

Lithium strips — a reactive metal component of meth-making — are flammable and react to water. Those ingredients are typically placed into a solvent such as lighter fluid or Coleman fuel.

Vessels used in making meth are frequently Gatorade or liter-sized soda bottles, police officials said, and lithium strips can burn a hole in the plastic container and start a fire.

And if they’re discarded along the roadside after use, police say a seemingly unassuming liter-sized soda bottle could still contain toxic residue.

“It’s not normal to have a bottle of Arizona ice tea or Gatorade with a brown or white crusty residue,” Holley said. “That would be indicative of a one-pot lab.”

If you find a bottle with residue inside, officials say, call local law enforcement.

Endicott Mayor John Bertoni acknowledged the toll that neighborhoods can face when drugs — their manufacture or their sale — move in. But he said residents shouldn’t “wave the white flag.”

Instead, he urged people to report suspicious activity and ask questions if they see something that seems unusual just down the street.

“Unfortunately, crime has no boundaries,” he said.







The Bay Area Narcotics Enforcement Team was called to Hope Township in Midland County after a utility worker discovered items used to make methamphetamine in a ditch.

The Midland County Sheriff’s Office reports the worker found two plastic bags containing pop bottles with residue believed to be related to production of the drug. The items were found and the incident reported at 10:32 a.m.

BAYANET disposed of the items, which are hazardous waste.








OSWEGO COUNTY, N.Y. — Five people have been arrested after meth busts at three separate locations in eastern Oswego County Friday morning, according to the County Drug Task Force.

The task force says it four separate homes were searched at about 6 a.m., three in the Town of Richland and one in Parish. In each case an investigation by the task force had indicated occupants of each home were “conspiring and acting in concert” to make meth. Materials and equipment to make methamphetamine were seized from all but one location.d45fe665-e2cb-42d2-bf60-ef6459079821-large16x9_oswegoarrests

48-year-old Deedra A. Blankshain, 22-year-old Emily M. Dawson and 29-year-old Joshua M. Salisbury were each arrested after a search at 458 Kipp Road in Parish, according to the task force. Officials say they found equipment and materials at the home, along with about 2.5 ounces of methamphetamine oil and a small amount of “finished” meth. All three have been charged with second-degree criminal possession of a controlled substance and third-degree unlawful manufacturing of methamphetamine.

Another search was conducted at 636 Canning Factory Road in Richland. There 38-year-old Jeffrey R. Sakowski was allegedly found with equipment and materials used to make meth. Sakowski is charged with third-degree unlawful manufacturing of methamphetamine.

The third and final search that resulted in an arrest was at 2685 County Route 2 in Richland. There the task force says it found materials for making meth and a small amount of finished meth. 48-year-old Julie A. Benson has been charged with third-degree unlawful manufacturing of methamphetamine.

The task force says all five people are being held pending arraignment.

The task force says it was helped by the New York State Police Special Operations Response Team and Contaminated Crime Scene Emergency Response Team.







ASHEVILLE – A woman is behind bars on meth charges.

Natanna Louise Byrd, 32, of the first block of Lunsford Road, was charged Thursday with felony trafficking in methamphetamine and felony conspire to traffic methamphetamine, according to warrants at the Buncombe County magistrate’s office.635854131160235539-byrd

Byrd is accused of having 30.6 grams of methamphetamine on Nov. 1 and conspiring with another person in the act, according to warrants.

The Buncombe County Anticrime Task Force made the arrest.

Byrd was being held at the Buncombe County Detention Facility on a $70,000 secured bond.







A meth lab explosion at a Dothan apartment complex left a local man severely injured and his wife with drug trafficking charges.

Dothan Police Lt. Mark Nelms, the supervisor of the narcotics unit, said police arrested Shalene Michelle Bryson, 35, of Fortner Street, and charged her with felony trafficking meth and felony manufacturing meth.566b229ef0f37_image

Nelms said the charges stemmed from police, along with fire trucks from the Dothan Fire Department, responding to a meth lab explosion at the Biltmore Place apartments in the 2800 block of Fortner Street around 8 p.m. Wednesday.

Nelms said investigators learned a man inside the apartment, Bryson’s husband, suffered burns about his body from his chest down to his feet. The man was taken to a local hospital for treatment and later airlifted to a specialty burn center outside of Atlanta for treatment to his injuries.

“The explosion could’ve burned the whole building down, and the guy could’ve been killed,” Nelms said. “They’re playing with chemicals and if you don’t do it just right then you could have an explosion.”

Nelms identified the man injured in the fire as Jesse Bryson, who has similar drug trafficking charges pending against him upon his release from the hospital. He said Shalene Bryson was not injured.

Records show police charged her with trafficking 2 ounces, or 56 grams, of meth from a residence in the 2800 block of Fortner Street. Police also charged Bryson with first-degree manufacturing meth after discovering a “clandestine” meth lab at the apartment in the 2800 block of Fortner Street.

Bryson was taken to the Houston County Jail and held on bail totaling $500,000.







SAN JACINTO COUNTY, Texas – Four people are in custody after police caught them having a “meth party.”

Amber Harp, Justin Dallas, James Scogins and Cecil Stephens were arrested in southwest San Jacinto County on Thursday and charged with possession.

The San Jacinto County Sheriff’s Office said it discovered the four while serving a warrant. Almost 30 grams of methamphetamine were found, along with small baggies for distribution and a set of scales.








AUSTIN, Texas — A woman arrested during a traffic stop in the 11200 block of N. Lamar Blvd on Wednesday evening was found to be concealing a bag containing 2.58 grams of methamphetamine in her vagina during booking.

According to an affidavit, a woman was pulled over after 11 pm. on December 9 for having no rear license plate on her silver Toyota Camry.1cfd02c2-3c79-4ca3-a975-3931a61d9764-large16x9_TatjanaValdez

When the officer requested a driver’s license from the driver, she said she did not have one, but identified herself as 22-year-old Tatjana Monique Valdez.

The officer conducted a records check on Valdez, finding she had warrants for delivery of a controlled substance and unauthorized absence from a community correctional facility.

The report says that when Valdez was detained, she advised the officer that she had a baggie of “dope” and a glass pipe in her purse. The officer verified the presence of the pipe and confirmed the presence of methamphetamine in the purse.

When the warrants came back confirmed, the officer searched Valdez’s person and found nothing.

According to the report, jailors at the Travis County Jail conducted a strip search of Valdez, as per policy, and found she was found to be concealing small bag of meth in her vagina.

Valdez was arrested on the outstanding warrants and a new charge of possession of a controlled substance.







A Meadville woman has been charged by city police with operating a methamphetamine laboratory out of her Poplar Street apartment.

Sarah S. Dobbs, 37, was arraigned this morning before Magisterial District Judge William Chisholm on charges of operating a methamphetamine laboratory, manufacture of methamphetamine, possession of liquefied ammonia gas, precursors and chemicals, and possession of a controlled substance.

Meadville Police Department and Pennsylvania State Police executed a search warrant on the apartment Thursday afternoon after receiving a tip about the alleged drug making operation.

Dobbs faces a preliminary hearing on the charges Dec. 23 before Chisholm.






Three people have been arrested in Las Vegas after they negotiated the sale of 60 pounds of methamphetamine valued at $300,000 to undercover federal agents, according to a criminal complaint.

The transaction was part of an undercover investigation by California authorities and agents with the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration in Las Vegas, the complaint said.ThinkstockPhotos-471674976_0

The investigation is focusing on drug trafficking by the Sinaloa cartel in Mexico run by fugitive kingpin Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, who escaped from a Mexican prison in July.

The three defendants — Rumaldo Martinez, 33, and Livier Berenice Valenzuela Velasco, 20, both of Arizona, and Antonio Marioni Ortiz, 21, of Mexico — are in federal custody.

All three were charged with one count of conspiracy to distribute methamphetamine and possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine. Preliminary examinations to decide whether they should be bound over for trial were set for Dec. 23.

According to the complaint, the drugs were contained in the spare tire of a black Toyota minivan driven to Las Vegas from Arizona by one of the defendants.

Agents were told after the arrests that a Mexican citizen identified as “Jesus” asked two of the defendants to complete the sale in Las Vegas because they could cross the Mexican border “without issues.”







HUNTINGTON BEACH, Calif. – Rural methamphetamine users were younger and more likely to be female than their urban counterparts, researchers said here.

When comparing two different samples, 199 urban participants at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) and 66 participants from a rural county in eastern South Carolina, rural methamphetamine users were far more likely to be younger (P<0.01), female (63% versus 28% urban, P<0.01), Caucasian (98% versus 22%, P<0.01), less educated (P=0.03), and make less than $15,000 per year (77% versus 48%, P=0.01), reported Emily Hartwell, a fourth year clinical psychology graduate student at UCLA, and colleagues.

There was no significant difference in the level of education in the two groups, but rural users also had less use in the past 30 days, using methamphetamine six times on average during the last 30 days versus 20 days in the urban group (P=0.01), they wrote in a poster presentation at the American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry meeting.

“It’s possible that because meth was introduced in the [western U.S.] and has slowly trickled its way across the country, rates are higher in the west,” Hartwell said. “So in some ways, it’s not surprising that people are using quite as much, just in that it’s a new substance on the east coast. But for it to be this different was a little surprising.”

It’s also possible that because the rural sample was mostly female, they had less free time because they were at home and taking care of kids, Hartwell added.

Methamphetamine dependence has been linked to a host of adverse outcomes, including psychosis and cardiovascular problems. More meth is produced in western states, and about 500 people per day in the U.S. try meth for the first time, the authors wrote.

The overall economic burden of meth use is estimated to be more than $23 million annually, but little is known about the differences between urban and rural meth users, they said.

Participants in the rural arm were recruited under the direction of researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina. Data on demographics were collected by questionnaire.

Because the rural group was also significantly more likely to report cigarette use (83.3% versus 65%, P=0.007), Hartwell said that it might be useful to target smoking treatments.

“Since we’re seeing such high rates of comorbidity, once folks start pairing substances together, it’s harder to disentangle,” she said. She added that the smoking rates were as expected for South Carolina, but they were unusually high for a population in Los Angeles.

Both groups demonstrated symptoms of mild depression (P=0.06).

“Understanding regional differences may improve treatment adherence and retention,” the authors wrote, noting that white women from rural areas with a lack of education and job opportunities may have different treatment needs than men living in urban areas.

They also called for additional assessment of comorbidities, such as mood disturbance and concurrent substance abuse.







FRIENDSWOOD, TX (KTRK) — Two people are behind bars after police in Friendswood caught them with prescription pills and meth. Officers say one of them ate some of the drugs and had to go to a hospital.

Clifton Perez, 40, and Nicole Smith, 35, got arrested last week outside Green Elementary School. Officers stopped the car, then searched it and found meth, hydrocodone and other prescription pills. Authorities say Smith them told them she ate some of the meth. She got taken to a hospital for an overdose.

Both are charged with drug possession.

Clifton Blake Perez, 40, of Heritage Park, was charged with Possession of a Controlled Substance in Penalty Group 1. Perez was stopped in the 3300 block of Friendswood Link on December 3 at 4:30 p.m. As the vehicle came to a stop in the P.H. Greene Elementary School parking lot, the passenger began to make suspicious movements inside the vehicle. As the officer peered into the vehicle, he noticed small baggies and a glass pipe with some type of white residue on it in the passenger floorboard.

Perez and his passenger, identified as Nicole Smith, 35, of Houston, were detained while the officer conducted a search of the vehicle. During the search, .3 grams of methamphetamine, 10 units of Alprazolam, 29 units of Hydrocodone, 29 units of Soma and 2 units of Ecstasy were found inside a prescription bottle in Smith’s purse. At that point, Perez and Smith were placed under arrest and read their rights. That is when Smith told the officer that she ate about a quarter ounce of methamphetamine.

Friendswood EMS took Smith to a local hospital to be treated for a drug overdose. Perez was taken to jail and charged with Possession of a Controlled Substance. Smith was admitted into the hospital and will face warrants for Possession of a Controlled Substance in Penalty Group 1 and Tampering with Evidence.







Three people were arrested Monday morning when they tried to buy drugs.

It was around 6:30 a.m. when Priscilla Haddix, Maggie Ann Fugate and Phillip Hudson were found in Myrtle Hollow with what the Sheriff’s Office says was 6,000 dollars in cash, one weapon and three bags of meth worth about $50,000.

“We weighed it and it weighed 8 point 4 ounces which is equivalent to a street value of 48,000 dollars,” said Deputy Marcus Stephens.

Haddix was taken to the hospital and will be charged with drug procession, having paraphernalia and public intoxication.

Fugate and Hudson will face the same charges. They are being held at Three Forks Jail.

The Sheriff’s Department says they are still searching for the person who runs the lab.







Two women were arrested by the Pickens County Sheriff’s Department after a DSS investigation showed that a child in their custody had been exposed to methamphetamine.Sheena Elizabeth

According to the Sheriff’s Office, Sheena Elizabeth Liddy, 27 and Andrea Johnson, 47 were arrested and charged with unlawful neglect of a child after the Department of Social Services for the state brought evidence showing a child under five years old in their care tested positive for methamphetamine.

Both women were taken into custody at the Pickens County Detention Center and given a $15,000 bond. Both women are out on bond at this time.








ST GEORGE — A 32-year-old woman was arrested on felony drug distribution charges early Saturday morning after she was found in and out of consciousness at McDonald’s fast food restaurant with a large amount of methamphetamine.Riggs

Around 2:30 a.m., officers responded to McDonald’s, 798 E. St. George Blvd., on a report of an intoxicated woman, according to a probable cause statement filed by the St. George Police Department in support of the arrest. The woman was later identified as 32-year-old Kristin Kelli Riggs, of Ivins.

“She was impaired and hard to get any information out of as she was in and out of consciousness,” the arresting officer wrote in the statement.

After police located a large amount of suspected methamphetamine individually wrapped in plastic and Ziploc baggies, the statement said, Riggs was placed under arrest.

Police also located a baggie with a small amount of a green leafy substance consistent with marijuana in Riggs’ purse and a syringe loaded with a clear liquid substance suspected to be methamphetamine, according to the statement.

“She was advised that if she went into the jail with any drugs, weapons or illegal contraband, she would be additionally charged with a felony,” the arresting officer wrote. “I advised her prior to exiting my vehicle in the sally port again that if she went into the jail with any drugs or weapons that she did not advised (sic) me about or I did not locate she would be charged with a felony.”

Though Riggs said she did not have any contraband on her person, the statement said, deputies in the Washington County Purgatory Correctional Facility’s pre-booking area located an additional syringe with clear liquid residue in Riggs’ right boot along with a large quantity of suspected methamphetamine in clear Ziploc baggies.

Riggs was booked into the correctional facility and charged with a second-degree felony for drug possession with the intent to distribute, two class B misdemeanors for possession of drugs and drug paraphernalia and a class C misdemeanor for intoxication.

Judge G. Michael Westfall, of the 5th District Court, ordered $10,000 cash-only bail for Riggs’ release pending trial.

She was found indigent by the court during his initial court appearance Monday and will be represented by court-appointed attorney Douglas Terry. She is scheduled to make her next court appearance Dec. 14.

Persons arrested or charged are presumed innocent until found guilty in a court of law or as otherwise decided by a trier-of-fact.








Michelle Lynn Fletcher, 40, of Longview, Wash., was sentenced to more than six years in prison Thursday during a hearing in Clatsop County Circuit Court.

The amount of methamphetamine in Michelle Lynn Fletcher’s body was considered off the charts when she crashed her pickup truck last summer, killing a Warrenton man and injuring two others.Michelle Lynn Fletcher

Fletcher had more than 1,300 nanograms of methamphetamine in her blood at the time of the crash. Drivers are considered incapable of safely driving with more than 100 nanograms in their system.

“This crash was caused by her being so high on meth,” Clatsop County Chief Deputy District Attorney Ron Brown said.

Fletcher, 40, of Longview, Washington, was sentenced to more than six years in prison Thursday during a hearing in Clatsop County Circuit Court.

Last month, she pleaded guilty to criminally negligent homicide, two counts of fourth-degree assault and driving under the influence of intoxicants.

The fatal crash occurred just before 7 a.m. on July 25, 2014, about three miles east of Astoria on U.S. Highway 30 near Liberty Lane.

Fletcher, driving a 1999 Toyota Tacoma pickup, was traveling westbound when she crossed the double solid centerline and sideswiped an eastbound 1993 Ford pickup, according to the Oregon State Police.

Fletcher was traveling with two passengers — Warrenton residents Arthur Romine Jr. and Bryce William Saranpaa.

Saranpaa, 43, died at the scene. He was riding in the back seat. Romine Jr. was not injured.

Fletcher was seriously injured and extricated by firefighters.

The driver of the Ford pickup had non-life-threatening injuries

Saranpaa’s significant other spoke at the sentencing hearing Thursday. She described how Saranpaa was just two days shy of his 44th birthday when he died.

“In the blink of an eye, I went from planning a surprise birthday party to grasping the reality of putting together a funeral,” she said.

Before receiving her 75-month prison sentence, Fletcher briefly spoke to the family and friends in the courtroom. She told them how much she regretted her actions, and she vowed to maintain a clean and sober life.

“I hope you find it in your hearts to forgive me,” she said.







Two Milton children were hospitalized after drinking acid Wednesday, and the Santa Rosa County Sheriff’s Office announced Friday that the chemical was being stored in a sippy cup.

Amber Nicole Cooley, 24, and Kyle Joseph Cooley, 27, both of the 8900 block of Fleetwood Street in Milton were arrested and charged with child neglect with great bodily harm, manufacture of meth while child 635853731131585958-cooleyspresent, possession controlled substance without a prescription, possession of drug equipment and possession of listed chemicals controlled substance in connection with the incident.

Two small children, one of them a 3-year-old boy, had ingested a chemical which is consistent with the manufacturing of meth, according to a release. A search warrant was executed at the residence, and items were located indicating meth was being produced in the home, according to a release.

After interviewing Kyle Cooley, deputies returned to the Fleetwood residence early Friday morning and retrieved the cup.

Amber and Kyle Cooley appeared before a Santa Rosa County Judge on Friday afternoon and were each given a $1,011,000 bond.

The conditions of the children are not being released at this time.







Three people were found to reportedly be in violation of their parole during a large sweep of parolees in Monterey County on Tuesday, according to the Monterey County Sheriff’s Office.

The Monterey County Sheriff’s Office’s SAFE Team conducted the sweep of 290 registrants in the Monterey County area.

A search was conducted at 48-year-old parolee Johnny Manriquez’s residence at 20824 Spence Road #5 in Salinas during the sweep. Christina Pitre, 45, was outside the home at the time of the sweep and ran inside. A methamphetamine pipe was later found in her undergarments, according to Monterey County Sheriff’s office.

Authorities searched the residence and found several bags of methamphetamine packaged separately and more smoking paraphernalia. A parole hold was placed on Manriquez, and Pitre had an outstanding arrest as well.

The SAFE Team also conducted a parole search on Charles Bailey, 35, at 33195 Gloria Road # 5 in Gonzales. He appeared to be under the influence of marijuana and admitted to using marijuana, according to MCSO.

He also reportedly showed authorities where he keeps his marijuana. A hold was then placed on Bailey for alleged violation of his parole.







It was a family shopping trip to the local Walmart, where Lindsey Combs need to pick up a few Christmas gifts she had placed on layaway and let her two kids sit on Santa’s lap.

But in the checkout line, her 14-month-old daughter bent down and picked up a small plastic bag that was on the floor.

“I told her to put it down,” Combs said, “but she picked it up again and took it to her dad … He looked at me and said ‘Is this drugs?’’’ WYMT-TV reported.

When the Whitesburg, Kentucky, police showed up the verdict was yes, they are drugs. The bag’s contents were crystal meth, authorities said.

“It’s not the first time this has happened,” Police Chief Tyrone Fields told the station. “People will drop pills out of their pockets, needles out of their pocket,” he said.

Combs said she and husband were very bothered by their daughter’s discovery.

“I don’t even know what to say … It’s very shocking that that was just laying (sic) on the floor at Walmart,” she said.

Police hoped to catch the person who dropped the drugs by examining the store’s security videos.









Cherokee County sheriff’s deputies arrested a woman Sunday when she allegedly handed off methamphetamine to a juvenile, telling him police wouldn’t find it because of his age.

Kyra Rachelle Smallen, 26, of Tahlequah, was arrested for possession of a controlled dangerous substance, contributing to the delinquency of a minor, bringing contraband to a penal institution and obstruction. Deputy James Gatewood responded to a disturbance on West Oak Hill Circle on Dec. 6 and found Smallen, an adult male and a juvenile. The juvenile had a light bulb with a burnt residue on it, and a small piece of aluminum foil with a white, crystal substance that tested positive as methamphetamine. Smallen had a small bag of marijuana in her sock, deputies alleged. The juvenile told deputies Smallen had given him the meth to hold, telling him the police wouldn’t check him because of his age.







Two Greene County women were arrested Monday after methamphetamine and drug paraphernalia were found in their hotel room.

Warrants filed at the Greene County Sheriff’s Department charge Amber Marie Dawn Powers, 23, of Round Knob Road, and Ashley Brook Wilhoit, 30, of Whitesands Road, with possession of schedule II drugs with intent to resell and possession of drug paraphernalia.

According to the warrants, Wilhoit was being transported to the Greene County Sheriff’s Department to speak with detectives on an unrelated issue when staff members of Econo Lodge, on the East Andrew Johnson Highway, contacted law enforcement about finding drug-related items hidden between mattresses in the hotel room.

The warrants say that Powers was in the room when Sgt. Chuck Humphreys arrived around 12:30 p.m. Monday.

Humphreys allegedly found less than one-half gram of methamphetamine, more than 50 “baggies” used to package drugs and cash believed to be proceeds from the sale of drugs.

A glass pipe, cut straw with a residue believed to be methamphetamine and syringe were also found, the warrants say.

Both Powers and Wilhoit were jailed at the Greene County Detention Center pending appearances in Greene County General Sessions Court this morning. Bond for each totaled $31,000.