A search warrant served by West Central Illinois Task Force and the Adams County Sheriffs Office at 1112 N. 8th Street in Quincy lead to the arrest of four Quincy residents Monday morning.

Agents seized methamphetamine, cannabis, firearms and drug paraphernalia during the search.

 

Marilyn Brewer

Marilyn Brewer

Melissa Tallcott

Melissa Tallcott
 

Melissa K. Tallcott, age 32, and Marilyn K. Brewer, age 28 were both arrested on charges of Unlawful Possession of Methamphetamine. Richard N. Kramer, age 54 was arrested for Unlawful Possession of Firearms by a Felon and Unlawful Possession of Cannabis. William E. Kramer, age 58 was arrested for Unlawful Possession of Cannabis. All four subjects of the home were transported to the Adams County Jail. Tallcott and Brewer were lodged on the meth charges. Richard and William Kramer were both released on a Notice to Appear in court.

Four children in the home and a fifth child attending school were taken into protective custody by the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services.

A check of Adams County Court records shows that Brewer is currently out on bond for a previous meth case that was investigated by the Task Force in May of this year. Brewer was charged with Unlawful Possession of Methamphetamine and Methamphetamine Precursor in a case that involved Richard L. Huddleston. Brewer has waived her right to a jury trial and is scheduled to enter a plea on October 2nd. Huddleston plead guilty to his charges and was recently sentenced to twelve years in the Illinois Department of Corrections.

 

 

 

http://quincyjournal.com/above-the-fold/2013/09/10/meth-bust-nets-two-women-on-north-8th/

 

 

A 35-year-old Douglas man was arrested Friday for attempting to smuggle $300,000 in unreported cash into Mexico through the Douglas port of entry, authorities said.

U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers found seven packages of money hidden inside a compartment in a truck driven by Jerry Joseph Del Rio, said authorities.

Unreported cash headed into Mexico was seized by federal authorities at the Douglas port of entry
 

The Toyota truck and cash were seized, and Del Rio was turned over to U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s Homeland Security Investigations.

On Saturday, two Mexican men were taken into custody at the Nogales port of entry for attempting to smuggle more than 51 pounds of methamphetamine in two separate incidents, said officials.

Adan Segoviano-Gutierrez, 34, was arrested after nearly 35 pounds of methamphetamine was found underneath a plastic bed liner of his GMC truck, said officers.

Methamphetamine worth more than $538,000 was found hidden underneath a plastic bed liner of a GMC truck

 

 

A drug-sniffing dog alerted officers to the meth, which was worth about $538,000, officers said.

In the other incident, Juan Salomon Orozco-Bojorquez, 26, was taken into custody at the Mariposa port of entry after officers found nearly 17 pounds of meth in a hidden compartment in his Dodge truck.

A drug-detection dog alerted to the drugs within the truck’s dashboard area, authorities said. The drugs were valued at $256,000.

The drugs and vehicles were seized in both cases.

 

 

 

 

http://azstarnet.com/border-officers-seize-in-cash-nearly-in-meth-in-incidents/article_c2f27116-19bf-11e3-958c-0019bb2963f4.html

GEORGE TOWN: The Penang Customs Department has successfully intercepted a sampan and recover drugs believed to be Methamphetamine (syabu) worth RM1.48mil in Teluk Kumbar here.

 State Customs director Datuk Zulkifli Yahya said the drugs weighed 7.401 kg and were found in the form seven tightly wrapped packets.

 He added its marine unit acted on tip-off and was patrolling when personnel spotted the sampan.

 “The sampan tried to speed off when our personnel instructed them to stop for inspection,” he said in a press conference on Tuesday.

 He said the sampan then headed to a beach and the three suspects on board abandoned their vessel and managed to escape into the nearby jungle.

 “We found the drugs in a black plastic bag and are still investigating the source of the drugs and where it is heading to,” he said.

 He added that the case is investigated under Section 39B of the Dangerous Drugs Act.

 

 

 

http://www.thestar.com.my/News/Nation/2013/09/10/Crime-Customs-Drugs-Sampan.aspx

 

 

ST. GEORGE — State police are investigating a felony drug case involving two men who were arrested early Saturday in St. George.

Hector Cruz, 27, and Salvador Constante, 20, both from Las Vegas, were each booked on felony counts of possession of a controlled substance with an intent to distribute after a Utah Highway Patrol trooper found 15 pounds of methamphetamine in the vehicle they were driving.

 

Constante

Constante

Cruz 
Cruz
 

out 2:30 a.m. Saturday, the men, who were traveling in a black Honda Civic, exited northbound Interstate 15 at Exit 5 in St. George, where they pulled onto the shoulder and stopped, UHP Cpl. Todd Johnson said. A UHP trooper patrolling the area stopped to check if they needed help but in the course of speaking with the men, became suspicious and searched the vehicle.

According to court documents, the trooper found 23 packages in a panel behind the driver seat. The Utah Bureau of Investigations conducted the followup investigation, identifying the substance in the packages as methamphetamine.

Cruz and Constante were booked into Purgatory Correctional Facility on $25,000 bail each.

 

 

 

 

http://www.thespectrum.com/article/20130909/NEWS01/309090011/Two-men-charged-transporting-meth?nclick_check=1

 

Two Woodstock residents were arrested Aug. 27 on charges of theft by taking and sale of methamphetamine.

Jessica Wright of Woodstock was charged with the sale of methamphetamine to an undercover cop, a felony, and theft by taking, a misdemeanor.

Ashley Moss of Woodstock was charged with theft by taking.

Wright is accused of setting up a narcotics transaction on Bells Ferry Road in Kennesaw over a three-day period. Wright is also accused of making the sale of 1 ounce of methamphetamine for $1,200.

Moss is accused of participating in the narcotics transaction by accompanying Wright.

Both Wright and Moss were arrested by Cobb County police and jailed on bonds of $7,500 and $2,500, respectively.

 

 

 

http://mdjonline.com/bookmark/23571497-2-women-arrested-on-theft-charges

 

 

KOSCIUSKO COUNTY, Ind. (21Alive) — Kosciusko County officers arrested three people on drug charges after responding to a meth tip near Winona Lake Sunday evening.

Officers responded to a home in the 2500 block of E. Sandy Dr. in Warsaw after receiving an anonymous tip regarding a possible meth lab.

As officers approached the residence they noted the extremely strong odor associated with the production of methamphetamine. Information was obtained that children were possibly inside the residence at which point officers then entered and immediately located items associated with the production of methamphetamine.

 

Officers took the residents into custody who were later identified as Kip Dewayne Allen, 45, and Andrea Lyn Long, 36, as well as a third individual, Kaleb Hobbs, 21, Claypool.

Officers also located and removed a five and a ten year-old child from the residence as well as had paramedics summoned to the scene from Multi-Township E.M.S. to evaluate their conditions. Department of Child Services was summoned to the scene by officers.

Allen and Long were both arrested by the Kosciusko County Drug Task Force and preliminarily charged with manufacturing methamphetamine over 3 grams, possession of methamphetamine and paraphernalia, possession of precursors for methamphetamine with intent to manufacture, maintaining a common nuisance for legend drugs, and neglect of a dependent where dealing or production of a controlled substance occurred. Their bonds were set at $10,000 each.

Hobbs was arrested and preliminarily charged with possession of methamphetamine and paraphernalia, manufacturing methamphetamine over 3 grams, possession of precursors for methamphetamine with intent to manufacture, visiting a commons nuisance, as well as an active probation violation warrant issued from Kosciusko County. Hobbs bond was set at $15,000.

 

 

 

http://www.indianasnewscenter.com/news/local/3-Arrested-In-Meth-Lab-Bust-Children-Found-In-Home-222962851.html

 

 

PULASKI CO — The Pulaski County Sheriff’s Department is getting new tools to help battle methamphetamine. The department just bought $256,000 worth of meth fighting equipment. A federal grant is paying for the gear.

“We’ve got a lot of tools from this grant,” says Sheriff Randy Kern.

Night vision goggles, GPS units, laptops, cameras and more are the newest additions to the Sheriff’s office.

“Everything we can think of to help us with this problem we have with meth, that’s what we got,” Kern explains.

 

 

Keeping deputies safe is a top priority. Gas meters, respirators, and body suits will protect officers on the job.

The new gear will also help collect evidence and convict suspects. Chief Deputy Burl Pickett says that has been an issue in the past.
“We have discovered meth labs that no one was prosecuted for the simple fact that we didn’t have the ability to collect the evidence,” says Pickett.

Detection, protection, and prosecution, when it comes to meth cases in the county, the Sheriff’s office is now covered.
“Its value couldn’t be calculated,” Pickett explains.

Pulaski county has ten deputies. Every one of them will get their own set of the new meth-fighting gear. The equipment will be handed out this week.

 

 

 

 

http://www.wsiltv.com/news/local/Pulaski-County-Receives-Money-to-Fight-Methamphetamine-223043601.html

 

LEWISTON, ID – 2.3 grams of methamphetamine were found concealed in the body of a Clarkston woman.

Police find methamphetamine in Justine Jackson body cavity

 

Justine Jackson, 27, was arrested on a felony warrant, and after the arrest, K-9 Lucy alerted law enforcement of drugs in the car. Paraphernalia and small amounts of meth were found in the vehicle. Then, during a cavity search at the jail, another bag of the drug was found in her body cavity.

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.klewtv.com/news/local/Justine-Jackson-arrested-woman-223025821.html

 

CLEVELAND, Ohio — In an attempt to cut the costs of meth lab cleanups, Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine said today that the state is placing five hazardous material containers across the Ohio where officers can dump the toxic chemicals used to make the drug.

“This is going to save departments across the state a lot of money,” said Hylton Baker, the retired leader of the Summit County drug unit.

DeWine’s announcement comes as authorities have seized a record number of methamphetamine labs in Ohio this year, 770; that’s a 27 percent jump over last year’s 607 labs found.

meth.JPG

Methamphetamine’s scourge has grown dramatically in Ohio this year. Officials announced today that they are making it easier for law enforcement to dispose of the growing number of meth labs

 

 

Five years ago, police reported finding 112. The Ohio Bureau of Identification and Investigation tracks meth lab seizures by federal fiscal year, meaning from Oct. 1 through Sept. 30. Authorities say a quick-making chemical brew, known as one-pot cooking, is to blame for the spike in numbers.

But once officers found the chemicals, their governments often were stuck with the costs of having a contractor clean and transport the chemicals, as well as get rid of them. The costs could reach as much as $,2,500, according to estimates.

Today, Baker said, trained officers can simply box the items from the labs and take them to the hazardous material containers, which are on law enforcement property. The containers will be in Ottawa, Columbus, Lebanon, North Canton and Athens.

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration will hire a contractor to empty the containers on a regular basis, according to DeWine’s office. That’s opposed to a contractor cleaning every lab that is seized.

For years, the number of meth labs in the state fluctuated. It reached 444 in 2005. Then, in about 2007, Ohio began cracking down on the amounts of cold medication pseudoephedrine that can be purchased at stores and pharmacies. Pseudoephedrine is a key ingredient in cooking the drug. Once the state tightened its grip on the way the drug was sold, the number of seizures appeared to slow.

But that didn’t last long, as meth cookers often recruited several different people to buy boxes of the drug from several different places, law enforcement officials said. In recent years, one-pot cooking developed to allow dealers to make meth in cars and out of the back of trucks.

The brew, using the cold medicine pseudoephedrine and other household chemicals, takes 15 minutes to a half-hour to mix, as opposed to the old method of several hours. The brew is mixed in 2-liter pop bottles, and it often is called “the shake-and-bake method.”

Last month, DeWine told The Plain Dealer: “It is easier (for people to make the drug). We used to talk about ‘meth houses,’ or places people would make this. Well, today, you can make it in a pop bottle.”

Once finished, the makers dump the discarded containers and bottles along roadsides and drive off with their product, leaving behind a chemical nightmare. The five units cost $7,000 each, and they were paid for through a grant from the Ohio Department of Public Safety’s Office of Criminal Justice Services.

 

 

 

 

http://www.cleveland.com/metro/index.ssf/2013/09/dewine_sets_up_hazardous_waste.html

 

 

AG unveils Methamphetamine Container Program

Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine today unveiled five new methamphetamine chemical storage containers that will help cut costs and save time associated with meth lab clean-up.

Attorney General DeWine announced the installation of the units this morning at a news conference at the Canton Post of the Ohio Highway Patrol, where one of the containers is housed.

The units were installed as part of the Drug Enforcement Administration’s (DEA) Authorized Central Storage Container Program and are now regionally located in the following locations:

• Athens Ohio Highway Patrol Post

• Canton Ohio Highway Patrol Post

• Lebanon Ohio Highway Patrol Post

• Columbus Police Impound Lot

• Putnam County Sheriff’s Office

“In a time where very few law enforcement agencies have officers to spare, these containers will help not only save money, but also save the valuable time that officers spend guarding drug cleanup scenes. This will help get them back on the streets faster so that they can investigate their next case,” said Attorney General DeWine.

Law enforcement officers certified in methamphetamine stabilization and disposal procedures will now be able to safely transport chemicals from a meth lab scene to one of the containers. This eliminates the need for officers to guard an incident location, sometimes for several hours, while waiting for a contractor to arrive and remove the waste.

“When the federal funding was eliminated for methamphetamine lab neutralization and clean-up in Ohio – it lead to an opportunity for collaboration and increased efficiency at a dramatically reduced cost,” said Ohio Department of Public Safety Director John Born.

Contractor expenses, which are paid for by the DEA, range between $1,000 and $2,500 per site, according to agents with the Attorney General’s Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) Clandestine Laboratory Unit. The DEA will now be able to hire contractors to empty the containers of hazardous waste from several labs at one time, instead of hiring them to respond to individual incidents.

BCI agents will manage the use of the containers, which can store up to 220 pounds of chemicals. All of the units are located in secure, monitored areas and will be emptied on a regular basis.

“Even though the chance of an explosion is minimal, we made sure to locate these units in secure locations that are also in areas situated away from the general public,” said DeWine. “All of the chemicals stored in the units will have already been stabilized by law enforcement, and the containers have blast wall protection as an extra precaution.”

So far, Ohio law enforcement agencies have reported 770 meth lab seizures for the fiscal year of October 2012 through September 2013, as compared to 607 labs the previous year, however not all labs required the use of a contractor for clean-up.

Attorney General DeWine attributes the increase in labs to the increased use of the “one-pot” methamphetamine cooking method, which makes it easier and cheaper for an addict to make meth, intensified efforts by law enforcement to uncover meth labs, and increased awareness on identifying labs and lab remnants. BCI agents have taught approximately 110 classes in the past year to workers and volunteer groups who may be in the position to discover a lab.

The disposal containers are expected to be fully available for use by law enforcement within the next few months. So far, BCI has trained approximately 100 officers on operating the units.

The units, which cost approximately $7,000 each, were paid for through a grant from the Ohio Department of Public Safety’s Office of Criminal Justice Services.

 

 

 

http://www.perrydaily.com/news/article_e3fc20bd-23f7-5bc2-9c50-db9cabcd1cdf.html

 

 

 

 

DOI: 10.1039/C3AY40537K (Paper)Anal. Methods , 2013, Advance Article
Detection of methamphetamine in indoor air using dynamic solid phase microextraction: a supplementary method to surface wipe sampling

Elizabeth J. McKenzieab, Gordon M. Miskelly*a and Paul A. G. Butlerc
aForensic Science Programme, School of Chemical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand. E-mail: g.miskelly@auckland.ac.nz; Fax: +64-9-373-7422; Tel: +64-9-923-8338
bForensic & Industrial Science Ltd, PO Box 20103 Glen Eden, Auckland 0641, New Zealand
cSchool of Chemical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand

Received 31st March 2013, Accepted 30th August 2013

 

First published on the web 9th September 2013


Surface wipe sampling for methamphetamine is a standard protocol in many jurisdictions for sampling at suspected or known former clandestine methamphetamine laboratories, but this method relies on samples being taken from representatively contaminated surfaces. We have investigated whether a rapid sampling method for airborne methamphetamine can be used to supplement surface sampling. A dynamic solid phase microextraction (SPME) field sampler was constructed and tested in the field and in the laboratory. This device enabled large volumes of air to be passed over SPME fibres exposed during the comparatively short time (<2 h) that a testing company might be present at a former clandestine laboratory. The collected samples were then analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Airborne methamphetamine was detected with this method at former clandestine methamphetamine laboratory sites where surface wipe sampling showed surface methamphetamine concentrations greater than 40 μg/100 cm2.


Introduction

The New Zealand Police have identified over 1700 clandestine amphetamine-type stimulant (ATS) laboratories between 1999–2011.1 Worldwide, 137[thin space (1/6-em)]285 clandestine ATS laboratories were identified between 1999–2009, 96% of which were clandestine methamphetamine laboratories.2 The 2012 World Drug Report from the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime states that 14[thin space (1/6-em)]742 clandestine ATS laboratories were identified in 2009–2010, with 92% of these being clandestine methamphetamine laboratories and a further 6% either clandestine amphetamine or methamphetamine laboratories.3

In addition to the known problems associated with illicit methamphetamine production and use, the clandestine synthesis of methamphetamine presents risks to the public from exposure to the sites where it has been manufactured or waste material has been located. In many countries including the USA, New Zealand, and Australia, methamphetamine is often made on a small scale in makeshift facilities that can be located in residences, garages, or temporary accommodation such as hotels and motels. The previous presence of a clandestine laboratory may be known due to police searches, or the owner or occupant of a dwelling may be suspicious due to factors such as odours or stains within the dwelling or the behavior of the occupants at the suspected time of manufacture. Under these circumstances, it is important to establish whether manufacture of methamphetamine was likely to have occurred and the extent of any contamination due to this manufacture. However, it is also possible that heavy usage of methamphetamine can result in contamination of a structure. In many jurisdictions, measurement of the contamination at former clandestine laboratories is performed by taking surface wipes at selected locations throughout the structure, and then analyzing these for methamphetamine. The methamphetamine is determined both as a contaminant of concern and as a surrogate for other possible contaminants associated with clandestine manufacture.4 The acceptable level of methamphetamine contamination varies between jurisdictions, with some being based on an estimated health-based risk criterion5 while others are based on practical detection levels and the ability to decontaminate to those levels.6 This surface-wipe method, while pragmatic, suffers from some disadvantages such as not detecting the true extent of contamination if the substrates sampled are porous or if undetected pathways exist for mobilisation of the methamphetamine to or from other parts of the structure or the underlying substrate. For such reasons, jurisdictions such as the State of Minnesota have recommended the removal of all soft furnishings and wallpaper from premises that have been used for clandestine methamphetamine manufacture.7

Methods of methamphetamine manufacture favoured in New Zealand currently involve a pseudoephedrine/ephedrine precursor, iodine or hydriodic acid, and red phosphorus/phosphorous acid/hypophosphorous acid as a reducing agent. There can be up to four separate processes involved in this type of methamphetamine manufacture: precursor extraction, synthesis (‘cook’), methamphetamine extraction, and crystallisation (‘salt-out’). There is no information in the open literature on the emission of volatiles during the precursor extraction. During synthesis, little or no methamphetamine may be released,8,9 however iodine, unspecified acids, phosphine, 1-phenyl-2-propanone, 1,2 dimethyl-3-phenylaziridine, 1,3-dimethyl-2-phenylnaphthalene and 1-benzyl-3-methylnaphthalene have been detected.9 During extraction and crystallisation, iodine, hydrochloric acid and methamphetamine vapours can be released.8,9 The concentration of methamphetamine detected in air during extraction and salt-out is in the range 100–5000 μg m−3 (ref. 8 and 10) and these levels were reported to decrease to 70–210 μg m−3 the day after manufacture.10 Studies of remediated former clandestine laboratories 20–365 days after discovery report airborne methamphetamine in the range 0.1–1 μg m−3.11–13 This airborne material, together with spills and spatter, result in surface contamination within the structure being not just at the point of methamphetamine manufacture.

Methamphetamine is known to be stable under ambient conditions,14–20 however its long-term persistence within a structure has not been well-studied. The deposited methamphetamine acts as a reservoir for airborne methamphetamine, and this can result in elevated airborne concentrations if an activity disturbs the surfaces in the structure.10 Most airborne methamphetamine is present in the <1 μm fraction,10 well within the <10 μm limit for respirable particles. Characterisation of the distribution of airborne methamphetamine within the <1 μm size range has not been reported. Methamphetamine base is significantly more volatile than methamphetamine hydrochloride,21 and it is likely that it is the main airborne species present several months after manufacture. The determination of the concentration of airborne methamphetamine and the consequent estimation of methamphetamine exposure via inhalation can be used to test theoretical models5 that estimate inhalation exposure from surface-recoverable methamphetamine.

Previous determinations of methamphetamine vapour from powders, spills and spatter have employed direct ion mobility spectroscopy (IMS), however this method suffers from interference from nicotine, a common household contaminant, so that sample heating or derivatisation are required to discriminate methamphetamine by this method.22,23 IMS has also been used in combination with solid phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of methamphetamine from blood headspace.24 Dynamic planar SPME has been used with IMS for the analysis of headspace from ecstasy tablets at ppt levels and could potentially be used for the analysis of methamphetamine in indoor air.25 Amphetamines in exhaled breath have been determined by solid-phase extraction (SPE) followed by selected reaction monitoring (SRM) ultra-high pressure liquid chromatography (UPLC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS-MS).26 For methamphetamine in indoor air, trapping on acid-treated glass fibre filters coupled to an air sampling pump,10,27 with derivatisation and gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis,10 or liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis of underivatised methamphetamine27 have been used.

Since, as noted above, it is possible that major sites of contamination within a dwelling might be missed if sampling was not undertaken on all surfaces, analysis of airborne methamphetamine has the potential to be used to supplement surface wipe sampling. While there are many standard methods for analyzing semivolatile compounds in air, many of these require extended sampling periods, such as 8 h or 24 h. In New Zealand, the evaluation of the degree of contamination in a known or suspected former clandestine laboratory is performed by commercial testing companies, that may only have access to a house for a limited time, and this testing may be done in the presence of owners or residents of the premises. For these reasons, a suitable sampling method for airborne methamphetamine needs to be rapid, representative, and sensitive.

SPME was introduced as a sample collection and introduction method by Pawliszyn in the early 1990s,28 and since then has been shown to be advantageous for analytes in both gaseous and condensed media. It allows rapid sample collection, does not use organic solvents, is easy to use, and is selective.29 SPME has been used with GC-MS for qualitative analysis of headspace vapors of surface wipes30,31 hair,32 and street methamphetamine33,34 but has not been evaluated for determination of methamphetamine in indoor air. Our preliminary studies showed that SPME met the criteria of sensitivity and rapidity, but in its passive mode SPME fibres could be exposed to varying volumes of air depending on air currents within the premises. Therefore, a portable dynamic SPME air sampler was developed that could be taken throughout a structure while air was drawn through it at a constant rate. The SPME fibres could then be returned to the laboratory for analysis by GC-MS. At all sites where this SPME sampling was conducted, wipe samples were also collected and then analyzed for methamphetamine, to allow comparison of these two forms of analysis.

Experimental

Dynamic SPME field sampler

A diagram and photograph of the dynamic SPME field sampler prototype are shown in Fig. 1 and 2.

Diagram of the dynamic SPME field sampler.
  Fig. 1 Diagram of the dynamic SPME field sampler.  
Photograph of the dynamic SPME field sampler being used inside a suspected former clandestine methamphetamine laboratory. The air pump is generally not held during sampling but is housed in a washable carry bag.
  Fig. 2 Photograph of the dynamic SPME field sampler being used inside a suspected former clandestine methamphetamine laboratory. The air pump is generally not held during sampling but is housed in a washable carry bag.  

 

The main body of the dynamic SPME field sampler was constructed from Restek Silcosteel®-CR treated ⅜′′ outer diameter 0.277′′ inner diameter, 316L grade stainless steel tube. The side-arm of Silcosteel® was attached by drilling a hole with a diameter smaller than the inner diameter of the tube, shaping the sidearm connection to follow the curvature of the tube, then welding on the outside of the tube. A Supelco SPME fibre holder (Sigma Aldrich) was attached to the Silcosteel® tube by creating a thread on the outside of the SPME holder hub which could then be screwed into an adaptor plug inserted in the tubing.

The dynamic field sampler was coupled to an SKC Model 224-PCXR4 air sampling pump using a push-fit connector and tube adapter with Tygon 2275 ¼′′ inner diameter, ⅜′′ outer diameter tubing. The air pump had a built-in rotameter and flow rate was calibrated independently using a TSI 4100 series flow meter. A flow dampener and Anasorb/Tenax 226-171 sorbent tube (SKC) were used to even out the flow rate and to protect the air sampling pump from contamination. The air pump is specified to maintain flow to within 5% of its set point, and in calibration experiments using the TSI 4100 and with the dampener and sorbent tube connected we observed flow rates of 1.00 ± 0.01 L min−1 (standard deviation; n = 20) over 20 min. SPME fibres (Supelco 100 μm polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) fibres and 75 μm Carboxen-PDMS fibres) were obtained from Sigma Aldrich. Storage tubes for the SPME fibres were fabricated from Silcosteel®-CR treated ⅜′′ outer diameter 0.277′′ inner diameter, 316L grade stainless steel tube fitted with ⅜′′ Swagelok 316 stainless steel caps.35 SPME fibres were placed in these storage tubes and stored in a cooled insulated container during transportation back to the laboratory and until analysis. All were analysed within 24 h of collection except for one set of site samples (first visit, site 25) which were analysed 72 h later after storage at 4 °C.

SPME GC-MS analysis

The GC-MS instrument parameters were based on published guidelines for SPME GC-MS.36 Samples were analysed on an HP 6890 gas chromatograph with a HP 5973 mass spectrometer in positive electron ionisation mode with 70 eV electron energy. The column was a 30 m HP-5MS 0.25 mm internal diameter, 0.25 μm 5%-phenyl-methylpolysiloxane stationery phase with He as the carrier gas at a linear velocity of 36 cm s−1. The GC oven temperature program started at 40 °C held 2.5 min, increased at 40 °C min−1 to 300 °C and held 3 min. The transfer line to the MSD was 300 °C. Mass spectra were acquired in scan mode from 38–300 amu. SPME fibres were introduced manually through an Agilent BTO septum at 250 °C in splitless mode using a 0.75 mm internal diameter deactivated glass SPME liner (Supelco), with a purge flow of 30 mL min−1 after 1.5 min. After SPME fibre desorption in the GC inlet, the fibre was left in the inlet during the chromatographic separation to desorb all analytes on the fibre and prepare it for the next sampling. Peak integration and identification was carried out using MSD Chemstation D01.02 and the NIST Mass Spectral Library (2008). Peak areas were measured from extracted ion chromatograms for the main ion fragment of underivatized methamphetamine (58 amu).

Sampling at former clandestine laboratories

Sampling was performed by E. J. McKenzie during visits to former clandestine laboratories by Forensic and Industrial Science Ltd. The study sampled from sites close to the Auckland region. Sampling occurred between 12 August 2009–6 October 2010. Sites were limited to those where the property owner and occupier consented to the study. Samples were collected from 21 suspected former clandestine methamphetamine laboratories. Air sampling was carried out at 11 sites, however only 9 sites had sufficient wipe samples to enable data evaluation. Of the 9 sites, one was a caravan and 8 were houses, 3 were in a rural setting and 6 were urban. Owners and/or occupants of the premises were informed of the purpose of the sampling, and the project had approval from the Human Ethics Committee of the University of Auckland. The dynamic sampler was operated for 5–30 min at a flow rate of 1.00 L min−1, with the experimenter walking through the house with the sampler held at chest level, in order to sample from what might be the typical air intake zone for human breathing. A limited number of static SPME measurements were also performed, with the SPME fibre clamped about 30 cm above a given surface.

During the same sampling visit, 6–12 wipe samples were collected using a protocol based on that reported by Abdullah.37 This involved surface wiping of areas 10 × 10 cm using a disposable card template. Wiping media was a Sartorius 1388[thin space (1/6-em)] 110 mm diameter filter paper cut into four pieces dampened with HPLC-grade methanol. The surface was wiped four times in concentric squares from the outside to the centre with the pieces of filter paper, both clockwise and anticlockwise, and folding and placing them in a clean 20 mL glass scintillation vial. On return to the laboratories the wipe samples were spiked with 0.1 μg d9-methamphetamine (ISOTEC 99%, Sigma Aldrich) and stored at 4 °C. Samples were processed using the method developed by Abdullah,37 which involved adding 4 mL of 4% sodium hydroxide to the wipe sample, tamping down firmly with a glass rod to submerge the sample, 5 min sonication, then a 20 or 40 mL glass syringe was used to squeeze out the filter papers, collecting the solution in a culture tube, and the process was repeated on the same filter paper and the extracts collected together. Dichloromethane (3 mL) was added to the sodium hydroxide extract, which was then vortexed for 3 min, centrifuged at 990 rpm for 5 min, then the bottom dichloromethane layer was transferred to another culture tube. This step was also repeated on the aqueous extract. The dichloromethane extract was passed through a short column of anhydrous sodium sulfate, evaporated down to [similar]1 mL at 26 °C under nitrogen, then transferred to a GC vial and further evaporated to <50 μL. Ethyl acetate (100 μL) and trifluoroacetic anhydride (50 μL) were added, then the vial was shaken and incubated at 38 °C for 30 min. Following incubation, the sample was evaporated to near-dryness under nitrogen, 1 mL ethyl acetate was added, and the vial was shaken and flushed with nitrogen, then capped with a PTFE lined cap prior to GC-MS analysis. Samples were analysed on a Hewlett Packard 6890 gas chromatograph coupled to a Hewlett Packard 5973 mass spectrometer. The analytical parameters for GC-MS analysis were based on the method developed by Abdullah,37 with minor changes. Methamphetamine surface concentrations were calculated using the peak area of the most abundant ion fragment for TFA-derivatised methamphetamine (154) and methamphetamine-d9 (161). The response factor for methamphetamine to methamphetamine-d9 was determined from reference standards to be 1[thin space (1/6-em)]:[thin space (1/6-em)]1. Wipe sample results are reported as μg free base methamphetamine/100 cm2.

Results and discussion

This project aimed to develop a sampler for airborne methamphetamine that could be used to supplement surface wipe sampling and that could be used within the limited time available for commercial testing of suspected or actual former clandestine laboratories. Preliminary testing showed that SPME sampling might suit these needs (Fig. 3 and S1, see ESI). These initial tests also showed that PDMS fibres retained 3–4 times more methamphetamine when exposed in a controlled laboratory setting than did carboxen-PDMS fibres, and no methamphetamine was detected on carboxen-PDMS fibres in a former clandestine laboratory whereas it could be detected using PDMS fibres (see entry 1, Table 1).

(a) GC-MS total ion chromatogram from a PDMS SPME fibre exposed to air at 1.00 L min−1 for 10 min the day after cleaning at a former clandestine methamphetamine laboratory showing methamphetamine (8.36 min). (b) The mass spectrum for the methamphetamine peak at 8.36 min.
  Fig. 3 (a) GC-MS total ion chromatogram from a PDMS SPME fibre exposed to air at 1.00 L min−1 for 10 min the day after cleaning at a former clandestine methamphetamine laboratory showing methamphetamine (8.36 min). (b) The mass spectrum for the methamphetamine peak at 8.36 min.  

Table 1 Details of sites at which dynamic air sampling and surface wipe sampling for methamphetamine were performed. The TVOCPID values are the total volatile organic compound readings given on a portable photoionization detector used by the testing staff during each visit. bd: below the detection limit


Site Date of visit Surface methamphetamine concentration (μg/100 cm2) Test type Sampling time SPME methamphetamine ion fragment 58 peak area/105 TVOCPID (ppm, normal house <50 ppb)
10 25 September 2009 40–653 1 Tedlar bag 10 min 4.3 (PDMS only) 3–105
1 Carboxen/PDMS
1 PDMS
27 October 2009 0.6–137 3 PDMS 10 min 0.47–0.96 Not tested
4 November 2009 Not tested 2 + field blank PDMS 10 min 5.2–22 Not tested
5 November 2009 bd–150 3 + field blank PDMS 10 min 1.6–2.2 Not tested
13 30 September 2009 17–6093 3 + field blank PDMS 10 min 3.2–6.6 100–678
5 November 2009 1–545 3 PDMS 10 min 4.5–5.7 8–28 (after remediation)
16 20 January 2010 0.1–29 6 + field blank PDMS 5, 10, 15 min Not detected 177–281
17 27 January 2010 0.02–2 3 PDMS 10 min Not detected 174–517
19 16 March 2010 0.9–1 6 PDMS 5, 10, 15 min Not detected 4–22
20 22 April 2010 0.1–14 5 + field blank PDMS 10 min Not detected 200–270 (after remediation and freshly painted)
23 1 June 2010 1–58 1 + field blank PDMS 10 min Not detected 30–80 upstairs, 710–1200 downstairs
Polyethylene glycol
Carboxen-PDMS
2× DVB/Carboxen/PDMS
7 July 2010 bd–2 5 + field blank PDMS 10 min Not detected 2–7 upstairs, 34–57 downstairs (after remediation)
25 23 July 2010 0.5–41 3 PDMS 15 min 3.1–4.2 0 (evidence of fire, broken windows, attached garage without door)
11 August 2010 bd–57 5 PDMS 15, 30 min 0.13–0.16 0 (broken windows, attached garage without door)
26 16 August 2010 0.06–27 4 + field blank PDMS 15 min Not detected 0

 

A drawback of passive SPME for short-term air sampling in a dwelling is that the fibre is exposed to a limited volume of air, and sampling will be impacted by uncontrolled air currents. Therefore, a dynamic SPME sampling device was constructed that would cause a higher volume of air (1.00 L min−1) to pass the fibre and that would introduce the air at a sufficient velocity that the response should not be affected by the air currents within a closed dwelling.

The dynamic SPME sampler was constructed so that all surfaces upstream and slightly downstream of the SPME fibre were inert materials, with the main structural material being Silcosteel, to reduce the potential for methamphetamine adsorption which could lead to both low results and cross-contamination. This construction also meant that the device was robust, which is an important consideration for application in the field. The air pump was located downstream of the SPME fibre with an in-line general adsorption trap to protect it from contamination. In use, the dynamic sampler could be switched on, and then the analyst could move around the dwelling and, if desired, locate the inlet of the sampler in regions of particular interest.

When the dynamic SPME field sampler was initially constructed, all but two38,39 of the existing dynamic SPME arrangements placed the SPME fibres perpendicular to the airflow. The axial position of the SPME fibre was selected to promote laminar airflow and to reduce the likelihood of the fibre flexing at high air flows. This parallel arrangement has also been used in two recent studies40,41 and the flow dynamics of both perpendicular and parallel arrangements of SPME fibres in an airflow have been investigated.42

Sampling of both airborne methamphetamine and surface wipe sampling at nine suspected former clandestine methamphetamine laboratories showed a correlation between the observed surface contamination and the ability to detect airborne methamphetamine, with sites at which surface contamination exceeded 40 μg/100 cm2 having measurable airborne methamphetamine, Fig. 4 and Table 1. These observations lead to two corollaries: first, that short-term (5–20 min) dynamic SPME sampling as reported here was not sufficiently sensitive to detect airborne methamphetamine contamination when surface wipe concentrations are near the remediation level (typically 0.1 to 1.5 μg/100 cm2), and second, that if airborne methamphetamine is detected using short-term dynamic SPME as described here it strongly suggests that there is significant methamphetamine contamination somewhere within the dwelling. This latter point may mean that a repeated visit for surface sampling is required if this contamination was not detected in the initial surface wipe sampling.

 

Diagram showing the surface wipe methamphetamine concentrations from nine suspected former clandestine laboratories. Airborne methamphetamine was detected from sites 10, 13 and 25 using the dynamic SPME sampler combined with GC-MS.
  Fig. 4 Diagram showing the surface wipe methamphetamine concentrations from nine suspected former clandestine laboratories. Airborne methamphetamine was detected from sites 10, 13 and 25 using the dynamic SPME sampler combined with GC-MS.  

 

Other compounds

The SPME chromatograms from the three sites that were found to have detectable methamphetamine in air were inspected to identify what other compounds were present. SPME field blanks were also analysed. Compounds were tentatively identified using NIST08 and SWGDRUG mass spectral libraries. A total of 65 compounds were identified, however only methamphetamine, 1-phenyl-2-propanone and N-formylmethamphetamine were clearly related to drug use or manufacture. The other compounds identified derive from cleaning compounds, insecticides, insect repellents, air fresheners, plant and food volatiles, cosmetics, perfumes, fuels, textile surface treatments and plastics.

Conclusion

A dynamic SPME sampler has been constructed that allows detection of airborne methamphetamine at former clandestine laboratory sites even when sampling times are restricted to 5–20 min. When combined with GC-MS analysis, the sampler has given positive detection of airborne methamphetamine when surface wipe samples showed concentrations of >40 μg/100 cm2. The method requires less sampling time in the field than traditional exhaustive extraction methods, and no sample processing or derivatisation is required. The method does not require expensive state-of the art equipment and is suitable not only for indoor air, but may be used in shipping containers, ambient air, exhaled breath, storage facilities, and in vehicles. It could also be used to aid detection of active clandestine laboratories when limited time is available for sampling suspected contaminated air.

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the property owners of the sites used in this study and N. Powell and N. Hosted (Forensic & Industrial Science Ltd), for assistance with gaining access to these sites. We also thank C. Hughes (The University of Auckland) for fabrication of apparatus.

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Footnote

† Electronic supplementary information available: GC-MS chromatogram from an SPME fibre exposed during cleaning of a clandestine laboratory. See DOI: 10.1039/c3ay40537k

This journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013

 

 

 

 

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlehtml/2013/ay/c3ay40537k

 

 

A  local driver required treatment early Saturday morning after he told Ark City Police he ingested methamphetamine and was feeling sick.

Police first attempted to stop the vehicle, which was seen being operated erratically in the 800 block of W. Madison, around 3 a.m.. The driver refused to stop and a pursuit began westbound on U.S. 166.

The chase continued on the highway until the driver began waving his hand out the window. He came to a stop in the middle of the road and informed police he’d swallowed the drugs.

At that point he was transported to the hospital for treatment.

A 16-year-old girl from Ark City also was in the vehicle and was eventually released into the custody of a parent. No arrests were made and information on the case will be sent to the Cowley County attorney for consideration of charges.

The driver has not been named because he was neither arrested nor charged.

Possible charges include possession of meth, eluding police and aggravated endangerment of a child.

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.newscow.net/story.php?StoryID=9202

 

KANSAS CITY, Mo. – People living in a Kansas City apartment building are back in their homes after police found a meth lab late Sunday night.

Police were called to the 3000 block of Grand around 10:30 p.m. on a disturbance. When they arrived, they found a man’s body inside.

They also encountered two men who appeared to be intoxicated. Authorities found evidence of a meth lab inside their room.

Residents were evacuated for several hours while HAZMAT crews cleared the scene. Five police officers had to be treated for chemical exposure and were later released.

It was not clear if the body was found in the same room as the meth lab. However, police said the man’s death is not being investigated as a homicide.

Residents were allowed back inside the building just after 3 a.m.

The two men are being held for questioning.

 

 

http://www.kshb.com/dpp/news/crime/police-find-mans-body-meth-lab-inside-kansas-city-apartment-building

 

(BEDFORD) – Two people were arrested after the department of child services and police did a welfare check on an infant at a home in the 700 block of Duncan Bend Road.

According to Deputy Marshal Bill Allen, police arrested Tylan Davis and Lisa Phegley on charges of possession of meth and reckless possession of paraphernalia.

Phegley was also charged with unlawful sale of a precursor.

Town Marshal officer Bill Allen was assisting the Lawrence County Division of Child Services with a welfare check at about 9:40 p.m. Friday. During the course of the investigation, the officer learned that the two people the DCS was trying to locate were at 716 Duncan Bend Road. The Oolitic officer, accompanied by Indiana State Police trooper Shea Teague and reserve officer Tonya Taylor went to the address and located Davis and Phegley.

The child was taken into the custody of DCS. The case is still under investigation.

 

 

 

 

http://www.wbiw.com/local/archive/2013/09/two-arrested-on-meth-charges-with-baby-in-the-home.php

 

It is called “shake and bake,” a mobile method for making methamphetamine that is sweeping across the South and Midwest.

A more appropriate name might be “ticking time bomb” because of its explosive nature.

Meth Lab Training

This is what a shake-and-bake meth lab might look like, according to police training program

 

 

“It’s a really insane method of doing it,” said Jeff Moore, executive director of the sheriffs’ association in South Carolina, a hotbed for the portable meth labs. “Either you cook it and you get meth or it blows up and you get burned.”

Local law and drug enforcement authorities say evidence suggests that the latter is what happened last month when a flash fire in a car seriously burned five people in Lake Worth.

The burn victims were taken to Parkland Memorial Hospital in Dallas, but their conditions were not available.

“We know who they are,” Lake Worth officer Don Price said.

The five face drug and arson charges in the case, Price said.

Agents with the Tarrant County Narcotics Unit received information that one of the car’s occupants was in a back seat shaking a 2-liter bottle containing the toxic ingredients that could make meth, officials said. Authorities are testing samples and charred debris found in the burned-out car, but results are not yet available.

While the Lake Worth case shows that the shake-and-bake method has apparently made its way to North Texas, local drug enforcement officials say the portable process is much more popular in the Midwestern and Southern states.

North Texas users still get most of their meth, which provides users with a rush of energy and maniclike alertness, from Mexico, authorities say.

Shake-and-bake meth is made by combining unstable ingredients in a 2-liter soda bottle and shaking it. But one tiny mistake can create an explosion, and the potential for disaster isn’t reserved just for those making the drugs.

National incidents in the past two years include:

• A man in Robards, Ind., escaped serious injury in May when he was mowing his property and his tractor ran over active “shake and bake” bottles, causing two explosions.

• In April 2012, a 54-year-old Oklahoma man suffered burns when a portable meth lab exploded in his pants as he scuffled with a state trooper.

• A 36-year-old Florida man died in January 2012 when a “shake and bake” bottle exploded in his car, causing him to crash.

The element of danger is one reason that a course on the new method is being taught this month at a law enforcement seminar in Fort Worth.

“It’s going to provide information for officers’ safety when coming upon one of those bottles,” said Herschel Tebay, commander of the Tarrant County Narcotics Unit. “We don’t see many of those portable meth labs here, but we have to be careful with them when we do.”

‘It’s very toxic’

North Texas is a national distribution center for illicit drugs because of its transportation and financial infrastructure and its proximity to Mexico, authorities say. Powder cocaine, commercial grade marijuana, black tar heroin and wholesale quantities of methamphetamine arrive here from suppliers.

In 2012, the North Texas High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas program conducted 72 seizures and confiscated meth and ice meth valued at $8.9 million.

This year, there have been 80 seizures worth $6.1 million. The agency, which covers 15 North Texas counties and six in Oklahoma, coordinates drug control among local, state and federal law enforcement agencies.

“We see quite a few of those shake-and-bake labs in the Tulsa area,” said Lance Sumpter, director of the North Texas High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas. “It’s very toxic and presents quite a danger to cookers, users, officers and anyone around it.”

Before Mexico became a meth pipeline, North Texas meth cookers needed hundreds of pseudoephedrine pills (decongestants), containers heated over open flames, numerous glassware pieces and cans of flammable liquids. The labs took up lots of space and created foul odors, local law enforcement officials said.

Dozens of these types of labs — much less sophisticated than those portrayed in the popular TV series Breaking Bad — existed in North Texas and nationwide.

The Methamphetamine Reduction Act in 2005 drastically cut down the number of labs, because it restricts the sale of large quantities of over-the-counter decongestants, cold and allergy medicines.

So in recent years, cookers have turned to “one pot” or “shake-and-bake” meth production.

Burns are common

The shake-and-bake method requires only a few pseudoephedrine pills, some household chemicals and a 2-liter bottle, all of which can be carried in a backpack. Ingredients are mixed in the bottle and eventually poured through a coffee filter and dried.

Explosions could occur almost anytime during the process, experts say.

“At some point, someone has to ‘burp’ the bottle or loosen the cap to let out gas and if it isn’t done right, it’ll explode,” said Sgt. Erik Eidson of the Missouri State Highway Patrol’s drug and crime division.

Hospitals in the nation’s most active meth states showed that up to a third of patients in some burn units were hurt while making meth, and most were uninsured, according to a 2012 Associated Press survey. Injuries ranged from seared flesh to blindness.

According to the Drug Enforcement Administration, Missouri had 1,825 meth incidents last year, followed by 1,585 in Tennessee and 1,429 in Indiana. Texas had 32. Most of the meth incidents involved the shake-and-bake method, law enforcement officials said.

“There’s always a few here and there in this area,” said Terri Wyatt, a DEA agent in Dallas.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 

MASSAC COUNTY, IL (KFVS) – A Massac County, Illinois man is facing a number of charges after deputies say they found a meth lab in his home Saturday night.

Michael Taylor, 56, of Unionville Road was charged with aggravated unlawful participation in methamphetamine production within 1000 feet of a church, possession of methamphetamine precursors, possession of firearms by a convicted felon and possession of firearm ammunition by a convicted felon.

Michael Taylor (Source: Massac County SO)

Michael Taylor

 

 

According to Sheriff Ted Holder, complaints had been coming in about meth activity in the area around the 8000 block of Unionville Rd for several weeks.

After getting a search warrant, around 8:30 p.m. Saturday, deputies went to the home and found Taylor alone there.

Holder says an active meth lab, meth precursors, two rifles and ammunition in Taylors bedroom was found after a search. The sheriff says Taylor is also a convicted felon.

The lab cleanup was done by the Illinois State Police Meth Response Team. Taylor was being held without bond at the Massac County Detention Center.

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.kfvs12.com/story/23371589/deputies-find-meth-lab-in-home-of-massac-county-man

 

 

On Aug. 29, Western Alaska Alcohol and Narcotics Team (WAANT) investigators in an ongoing investigation contacted Keli Dumas, 26, of Dillingham outside the Dillingham post office after she received a delivery for a package from California. The address posted on the package from California is believed to be false by the investigators, but the package was shipped through a California zip code.

The investigation of the parcel resulted in the seizure three grams of methamphetamine and 1.5 grams of black tar heroin wrapped up in a plastic sandwich bag inside of a birthday card wrapped in cellophane. The investigation suggested that Dumas was in deliberate possession of both felony drugs and had the intent to distribute them. Dumas was arrested and charged with misconduct involving a controlled substance in the second and third degrees.

The investigators had been previously tipped off that the package in question contained methamphetamine, and the presence of meth in Dillingham was as alarming as it was surprising, as the drug is rarely seen in the area. Over the past three years, there have only been three instances of methamphetamine being discovered in Dillingham, this recent arrest on Thursday being the third.

The fact that methamphetamine is not commonly seen in Dillingham makes this new arrest a bit more interesting to the ongoing investigation, as this arrest is an indicator of more methamphetamine arriving and being distributed in the area. Despite the small quantity of methamphetamine that was seized from Dumas, the investigative unit said it believes that this is just the beginning of the drug making a more deliberate and notable presence in Dillingham and the surrounding areas.

Heroin has had a noticeable presence in Dillingham over the past few years, but the fact that the methamphetamine that was seized by the investigation was found with the heroin leads the investigators to believe that the drug use in Dillingham is escalating to more dangerous drugs and more addictive highs.

According to the 2012 Annual Drug Report by the Alaska Bureau of Investigation’s Statewide Drug Enforcement Unit, The number of methamphetamine labs that have been seized by law enforcement in that state of Alaska has been declining every year since 2010, recording 11 labs seized in 2010, eight in 2011, and only three in 2012. However, the quantity of methamphetamine that has been seized has been increasing annually since 2010, recording 4.53 pounds in 2010, 6.20 pounds in 2011, and a whopping 35.19 pounds in 2012. In the report, the 2011 National Drug Intelligence Center Drug Threat Assessment claimed that methamphetamine continues to be the greatest threat to the Pacific region, including Alaska.

“Although the domestic production of methamphetamine has declined over the region as a large part due to the regulation of precursor chemicals use in its production; it is widely available throughout the region. It is further reported that the majority of methamphetamine within the region is supplied by Mexican drug trafficking organizations,” reads the 2012 report.

These figures might unfortunately indicate that while methamphetamine lab seizures are going down, more methamphetamine is being produced in the state of Alaska every year, increasing the probability that more methamphetamine is being manufactured and sold on the streets by unseized meth labs.

A recent spike in thefts around Dillingham may be directly linked to the escalating drug problem, according to investigators. These thefts are most likely the first step in drug addicts accumulating stolen property to sell for money to buy drugs.

Dumas made an appearance in court on Friday and was charged with two felonies, one for possession of the illegal drugs and another charge for the intent to distribute. If convicted, Dumas could face up to 30 years in prison. Dumas is being held on $15,000 bail in accordance to the request of the state prosecutor to the Dillingham magistrate.

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.alaskadispatch.com/article/20130908/drug-bust-dillingham-turns-meth-alarming-investigators

 

Lompoc resident Peter Marin, Jr., was arrested Friday night on multiple charges after the Lompoc Police Department’s Gang and Narcotics Enforcement Team executed a narcotics-related search warrant at a residence in the 400 block of South J Street.

During the service of the search warrant, detectives recovered approximately 20 grams of methamphetamine, a snub nose .357 revolver, ammunition, packaging, a digital scale and cell phones.

Marin, 41, was charged with possession for sale of methamphetamine, being a felon in possession of a firearm and for being under the influence of a controlled substance.

 

 

 

 

http://www.lompocrecord.com/news/local/resident-arrested-on-multiple-charges/article_386cf4e6-1846-11e3-bd7d-0019bb2963f4.html

 

  • 500-part set has all the drugs paraphernalia used in hit American series
  • Lego refused to sanction or endorse the toy, which was made by independent company Citizen Brick
  • Twitter users blasted £160 toy as an inappropriate plaything

Children can now build their own drug dens with a shocking new play kit inspired by TV show Breaking Bad.

The sell-out £160 kit, branded ‘SuperLab’, lets any child or adult recreate Walter White’s notorious crystal meth lab.

Complete with protective masks, drug paraphernalia, figurines and a version of the car from the show, infants can even reenact scenes from the series.

The toy looks similar to a classic Lego set, although it is not connected to the Danish company in any way and was made by a separate firm.

 
'Bricking Bad' allows children - or adults - to construct the industrial meth lab set up by Walter White and drug boss Gustavo Fring‘Bricking Bad’ allows children – or adults – to construct the industrial meth lab set up by Walter White and drug boss Gustavo Fring

 

 
The 500-brick set, made by Citizen Brick in the United States, comes complete with figures of the main characters and enables you to build the entire meth labThe 500-brick set, made by Citizen Brick in the United States, comes complete with figures of the main characters and enables you to build the entire meth lab

 

 
The RV used by the characters to rustle up their drugs. Customers are given all the drugs paraphernalia with the kitThe RV used by the characters to rustle up their drugs. Customers are given all the drugs paraphernalia with the kit

 

Outraged commentators took to Twitter to speak out against the bizarre toy.

Jeff Myers tweeted: ‘Made for children raised by parents who should know better.’

Jacques Gonzales added: ‘Definitely not for kiddies!’

The drama, in its fifth and final series, follows chemistry teacher Walter White on his journey to raise money for his family’s future when he is diagnosed with lung cancer.

The schemer from Albuquerque, played by Bryan Cranston, enlists the help of a former pupil Jesse Pinkman, played by Aaron Paul.

A global hit, it is hailed by critics and watched by millions around the world.

 
Drug boss Gustavo Fring
Walter White in Breaking Bad
 

Drug boss Gustavo Fring (left) and police officer Mike Ehrmantraut (right) have been fashioned into figurines

 

 
The £160 kit has already sold out online. The American show has a wealth of underage viewers worldwideThe £160 kit has already sold out online. The American show has a wealth of underage viewers worldwide

 

But Lego Group refused to sanction the merchandise, produced by Citizen Brick, because of its ‘adult content’.

Beneath the sold-out item, the Citizen Brick website told customers: ‘Soothe yourself with the Citizen Brick Superlab Playset.

‘Who knows what fun you’ll cook up with this deluxe set, chock full of realistic details, and three exclusive minifigs! Over 500 parts!

 
Lego refused to sanction the play set because of the 'adult content' available to people of any ageLego refused to sanction the play set because of the ‘adult content’ available to people of any age

 

‘This set is a product of Citizen Brick, and is not sponsored, authorized or endorsed by the LEGO Group, owners of the registered LEGO(R) trademark.’

Interest in the series is rife among under-age viewers, with one pair of children screening their own version on YouTube last month.

Rather than Class As, the Breaking Bad Jr stars deal in Jelly Beans, and the star suffers from diabetes instead of cancer.

 

 

 

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2415463/Outrage-toy-company-creates-crystal-meth-lab-children-Breaking-Bad-play-sets.html

 

Longview News-Journal    

They are dealers in death.

Those who make and sell methamphetamine — a toxic concoction of volatile chemicals — are perhaps doing more harm than those who deal any of the other illegal drugs haunting our communities. Those other drugs range from being a waste of money and brain power to wasting lives through overwhelming addiction. They all are dangerous and many can lead to death.

But meth is a scourge, one that’s truly become an epidemic as it continues its spread from the rural areas of the Midwest where it first took root.

Those who fall prey can become gaunt, sunken-eyed ghosts with mouths full of dead teeth, faces pocked with sores. They become so consumed with their drug that they think the rest of the world cannot notice.

But we see it easily.

Meth is spreading because it’s relatively inexpensive, easy to make — and highly addictive. Users quickly develop an addiction that’s particularly difficult to overcome, one fraught with debilitating symptoms that call for a longer treatment time than other addictions.

We worry that aspect of the scourge is not being addressed. As a society, we must get better at recognizing, preventing and treating meth addiction, or the costs will continue to rise.

Those on the front lines of dealing with crime — our law officers, judges and jailers — tell us it is a component in an overwhelming percentage of the cases they see, from child custody and family violence to prostitution, theft and violent crime.

We applaud the efforts of our law officers and others in the legal system who are using the tools at their disposal to clean up meth’s mess as best they can. But as with so many health needs, unfortunately, their toolboxes are inadequate to deal with the larger problems.

For example, there are few viable treatment options for those hooked on meth. We can’t help wondering whether that lack of resources reflects a lack of understanding about how insidious the drug has become. It is an epidemic, and, as with any fast-spreading illness, it will take a concerted effort by our state and our communities to stop it.

We all know enough about it to take meth seriously as a crime, but it’s time to take as seriously the needs for treatment of those already addicted, and for improved education to stop the parade of new addicts marching toward destruction.

 

 

 

http://www.news-journal.com/opinion/editorials/a-scourge-the-sellers-of-meth-are-dealers-in-death/article_51daaab4-dc15-5dc2-9316-340e67628535.html

 

 

At least 10 people have been arrested following a major drug raid in Boone County.

Jennifer Vint, Shelbie Darrell Vint, Sara Beth Bolyard, Mary Kathryn Borwder, Paul Michael Smith, Clinton Halley, Joseph Garland Bias, Timothy Brown, Scotty Hagert and Charles Scott Kingery have all been taken to the Southwestern Regional Jail, according to State Police

The bonds on those arrested ranged from $100,000 to $200,000 for each person.

State Police Sgt. Charles Sutphin said an undercover drug buy was made in the county about 6:30 a.m. Friday.

A raid was then conducted at a residence on Bias Branch Road in Madison.

In making the arrests police found heroin, marijuana, an active methamphetamine lab and a number of prescription drugs.

Authorities said an active meth lab was discovered inside a Boone County home where two people were living, and those residents were arrested.

Meth product also was hanging from the ceiling in another Boone County residence.

The suspects were arrested at multiple locations throughout the county, State Police said.

A criminal complaint alleges some of the suspects delivered marijuana, hydrocodone or methamphetamine.

Police said most of the arrests are not connected.

All the suspects are part of an investigation that has been under way for several months, police added. Some of the suspects have been charged with selling the drugs three to four times to undercover officers.

 

 

The 10 named in the arrests:

* Joseph Garland Bias, 32, of Ottawa, delivery of a controlled substance.

* Clinton Dee Halley, 41, of Danville, delivery of a controlled substance.

* Mary Kathryn Browder, 47, delivery of a controlled substance.

* Paul Michael Smith, 34, of Jeffrey, operating or attempting to operate a clandestine lab and delivery of a controlled substance.

* Sara Beth Boyard, 23, of Madison, delivery of a controlled substance and operating or attempting to operate a clandestine lab.

* Timothy Brown, 55, delivery of a controlled substance.

* Shelbie Darrell Vint, 38, of Madison, conspiracy to commit a drug-related charge.

* Jennifer Vint, 35, of Madison, charges not available.

* Scotty Hager, age, hometown and charges not available.

* Charles Scott Kingery, 27, delivery of a controlled substance. Hometown not available.

Regional jail photos were not available for Jennifer Vint and Scotty Hager.

 

 

 

 

 

http://www.loganbanner.com/news/home_top/2506748/Major-drug-raid-conducted-in-Boone-County

 

 

LONDON, Ohio — As he crouched over a bucket of chemicals confiscated from a backpack meth lab, Dennis Lowe’s head and chest were suddenly engulfed by a fiery blast.

Fortunately, the protective suit that Lowe was wearing saved the Bureau of Criminal Investigation special agent from what would have been serious if not fatal burns in the flash explosion.

Dennis Lowe, a special agent of the clandestine-lab unit, pulls out an oxygen tank that agents use to protect them from the dangerous chemical fumes of meth labs

 

As frightening as the incident last summer was, it’s part of the job for Lowe and four other agents in BCI’s special clandestine-lab unit that responds to an increasing number of illegal meth labs uncovered in Ohio.

Ohio law-enforcement officials had located 770 meth labs statewide this year as of Aug. 24, 27 percent more than were found in all of 2012 and the largest number since 2005, when Ohio began keeping track of illegal drug operations. The program goes by the federal fiscal year ending Sept. 30, so the total will grow.

John Butterworth, special agent with the Bureau of Criminal Investigation’s clandestine-lab unit, wears a suit that protects him from flash fires when responding to the growing number of meth labs

The number of lab busts dropped in 2007 and 2008 after changes in state law restricted access to certain cold medicines containing one of the active ingredients needed to cook meth.

But things changed dramatically with the advent of “one-pot, shake-and-bake” operations that rely on commonly available household ingredients cooked in small batches in plastic soda or sports-drink bottles. The number began rising sharply in the past two years. And with the higher number of busts, the public began stumbling upon more bottles filled with the sludgy waste that remains after the drug is crystallized. The bottles frequently end up in parks, along highways, in trash containers and in landfills. They can explode or catch fire easily.

Plastic bottles containing the sludgy waste from cooking meth are frequently found along highways and in the trash. Law-enforcement officials urge  the public not to touch the bottles

 

When a lab is found, Lowe, John Butterworth or one of the other BCI agents hit the road for cleanup. They always wear an $1,800 protective suit equipped with an oxygen tank that protects from flash fires and dangerous chemical fumes.“We know the inherent risk, but we mange it as best we can,” Lowe said. “I like being able to help local law enforcement protect local citizens. And it’s important to me. My family shops at the same stores as the people who buy and make this stuff.“It’s really important that the public knows how susceptible they are to these,” Lowe said.

Methamphetamine goes by many names: chalk, crank, crystal, glass, go-fast, stove top and trash. It is a highly addictive, synthetic drug that severely affects the central nervous system and can be snorted like cocaine, smoked like marijuana or shot with a needle like heroin. Health experts consider it more dangerous than many other drugs because of the destruction it causes to the body, including brain and organ damage, strokes and open sores and rotting teeth, as well as psychotic compulsions and violent, anti-social and suicidal behavior.

Attorney General Mike DeWine, whose office includes BCI, said he is keenly aware of how his agents “put their lives on the line every time they suit up and help clean up a meth-maker’s mess.”

“Unfortunately, this year’s record number of meth labs will likely continue to climb. We will continue to be a resource for local law enforcement for cleanup and training. And we will continue to educate people about the dangers of getting near one-pot meth labs — whether it’s on the side of a highway or in a park.”

Officials urge people to avoid touching bottles that contain unusual contents such as sludge or thick, oddly colored liquids. Some meth-makers toss bottles with tubes or hoses still attached.

http://www.dispatch.com/content/stories/local/2013/09/07/special-agents-face-risks-in-meth-battle.html

LAWTON, Okla. –  An attempted traffic stop Friday afternoon uncovered a bag of methamphetamine after police said it was dumped on a home’s front porch.

Police arrested Weldon Farris and Kayla Wilson around noon Friday. The two were being followed by a patrol officer after he spotted them speeding through a Northwest neighborhood near 13th and Cherry Avenue.

Before the officer attempted to stop the car, police said the driver, Weldon Farris quickly pulled into a driveway, got out, and walked to the homes front porch. Police said Kayla Wilson followed suit.

When the officer asked the two what they were doing, police said the couple became agitated and said they didn’t know anyone at the home.  When police contacted the homeowner she confirmed she had no idea why the two were in her driveway or who they were.

Police asked her to check her porch where she found a bag that tested positive for methamphetamine, around $1300 worth.

Police believed the two tried to dispose of the drug before they were questioned by police.

 

 

 

 

http://www.kswo.com/story/23370668/meth-dumped-on-strangers-front-porch

 

 

Easton man will serve up to 21 years in state prison after being caught making the drug at his house.  Michael L. Williams is no sophisticated drug lord.

Caught brewing methamphetamine at his Easton home, the 52-year-old Williams is the guy who, after his arrest, wrote to police criticizing their accounts of how the drug was manufactured and offering tips on how it really should be done.

All the while asserting he was innocent.

“He’s no Pablo Escobar, I get that,” Northampton County President Judge Stephen Baratta said Friday at Williams’ sentencing.

“He certainly is not,” defense attorney Christopher Shipman agreed.

But even if Williams isn’t an infamous Colombian drug trafficker, he is still headed to state prison for a very long time. Convicted by a jury in July of all charges against him, Williams will serve 61/4 to 21 years behind bars for operating a meth lab, manufacturing meth and related offenses.

And it could have been worse, Baratta told Williams. Given a lengthy prior record, Williams received a prison term that was actually in the lower end of standard sentencing guidelines, Baratta said.

“Oh my God,” Williams said when the sentence was handed down.

“That’s what happens, sir, when you manufacture methamphetamine,” Baratta said.

“That’s not right,” Williams said.

On Jan. 17, police searched the curbside trash outside Williams’ home on the 1400 block of Pine Street, finding three plastic bottles used to cook meth, as well as other meth-making products. They raided the house, and discovered more ingredients inside.

Police found recipes for the drug in Williams’ handwriting, said Assistant District Attorney Michele Kluk. Recipes were also included in Williams’ letters to police, in which he offered to serve as an informant, and to explain to authorities what caused a meth lab in northeast Bethlehem to explode in March, according to Kluk.

Shipman argued at trial that Williams was set up by two drug users who had recently been arrested and were looking to shift police attention to someone else. Shipman conceded the defendant was an addict, but said the meth lab bottles and most of the ingredients were found outside in the trash, where they could have been pitched by someone else.

On Friday, Shipman said his client continues to maintain his innocence and will be appealing. But even if Williams was making meth, the evidence suggests he was doing so only to feed his own habit, Shipman said.

Williams’ criminal record began in 1980 and included convictions for burglaries, and drug and theft offenses. Shipman said Williams’ problems date to when he was 10 years old, when he returned home to find the bodies of his mother and father in a murder-suicide.

“Pretty much since then, his life has been off track,” Shipman said.

Kluk said Williams had many chances in the criminal justice system to turn things around. By mixing meth, Williams was more than a mere drug addict, she said.

“I don’t take this lightly. It is extremely, extremely dangerous,” Kluk said.

 

 

 

http://articles.mcall.com/2013-09-06/news/mc-easton-meth-lab-pablo-escobar-20130906_1_meth-lab-williams-kluk

 

Dong, Pan, MISSOURI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, United States; Julia, Kuebrich, MISSOURI UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, United States; Glenn, Morrison, Missouri Univeristy of Science and Technology, United States

The production of methamphetamine releases harmful chemicals into the air, which can then diffuse into and accumulate within the building structure. The risk to future occupants lies in the later ‘re-emission’ of chemicals from the building structure that lead to methamphetamine absorbing into furnishings, clothing, children’s toys. Soiling of personal items with skin oil can increase the absorption capacity, thereby increasing potential exposure to methamphetamine by dermal and oral routes. In this research, we exposed clothing, skin oil contaminated clothing, furnishings, and children’s toys to vapor phase methamphetamine in a laboratory chamber. By measuring the mass of methamphetamine absorbed in these materials, and the time required to approach equilibrium, we were able to determine the relationship between the concentration in air (40ppb) and that which will accumulate in furnishings, clothing, skin oil, and children’s toys. We found that skin oil might affect the time-dependent absorption of methamphetamine, although we did not observe a statistical difference at equilibrium on cotton clothing. Skin oil soiled cloth reached an equilibrium concentration of 25µg/100 cm2 ppb, while the clean cloth was over 15µg/100cm2/ppb for a 27 day duration of exposure. Different materials absorb different amounts of methamphetamine, ranging from an equilibrium value of over 50µg/100cm2/ppb for upholstery fabric to 3.75µg/100cm2/ppb for a fleece baby blanket for an exposure duration of 31 days. We predict that there is a risk of children ingesting more than the California reference dose of 0.3µg/kg/day if they are mouthing materials equilibrated with very low air concentrations of methamphetamine.

 

Environment and Health Abstracts

 

 

http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/ehbasel13/2675/

 

 

Two adults were arrested after police discovered a ‘mobile meth lab’ in their car Sept. 2 at Meijer on state Route 28 in Miami Township.

According to a release from Clermont County Sheriff A.J. “Tim” Rodenberg, the narcotics unit received information about two individuals involved in possible drug activity at the Meijer.

 

Agents from the narcotics unit, along with Miami Township police patrol officers conducted a stop of the vehicle driven by the individuals.

“During the initial contact with the individuals officers located two Gatorade bottles known as ‘One Pots,’ cooking Methamphetamine on the front floorboard of the vehicle,” Sheriff Rodenberg said in the release.

An area of the parking lot was roped off during the investigation, and narcotics units dismantled and neutralized chemical hazards with the assistance of the Miami Township Fire Department.

John Tunon, 37, of Wilmington and Samantha Snyder, 33, of Lynchburg, were arrested and charged with illegal manufacturing of Methamphetamine, a first-degree felony.

The charges could result in up to 10 years in prison and a $20,000 fine, according to the release.

The case will be presented and reviewed by the Clermont County Prosecutor’s Office and additional charges may result.

Tunon and Snyder remain in Clermont County Jail.

Tunon and Snyder are both scheduled for a preliminary hearing at 3 p.m. Sept. 10 in front of Judge Kevin Miles.

According to Sheriff Rodenberg, the Clermont County Narcotics Unit has seized 38 Methamphetamine labs in Clermont County in 2013. During the same time period last year, 15 Methamphetamine labs were seized.

 

 

 

http://clermontsun.com/2013/09/07/two-arrested-for-making-meth-in-a-car/