SPRINGHILLFlipping off police and speeding off led to multiple charges against a Springhill woman following a high-speed chase.

Stella Jean Sanders, 29, of Coyle Street, was arrested for two counts of distribution of methamphetamine, possession of schedule I controlled dangerous substance (marijuana), aggravated flight from an officer, possession of methamphetamine, possession of drug paraphernalia and resisting arrest by flight.600011610767

Springhill Police and Webster Parish Sheriff’s deputies say Sanders was backing out of her driveway when they made contact with her regarding the two distribution warrants. According to reports, she reportedly flipped them off and took off at a high rate of speed.

They chased her down Payne Street to 7th Street SW, going north to Highway 157 out of town. Agents say she was hitting speeds of at least 80 miles per hour in a 45 mph zone.

She turned north going into Bradley, Arkansas, and agents contacted Lafayette County and Columbia County sheriff’s deputies for assistance.

By this time, according to the report, she was driving at speeds in excess of 100 mph in a 55 mph zone, passing several vehicles in curves, appearing to have no fear of oncoming traffic. Arkansas Wildlife and Fisheries enforcement agents joined the chase, where road spikes were set up just south of Stamps, Arkansas.

She bypassed the spikes, but wildlife agents stopped her. She fled the vehicle on foot through the woods. She was apprehended a short time later, agents said.

During a search of her vehicle, agents discovered inside her purse approximately three grams of suspected methamphetamine, marijuana and several syringes, one appearing to be ready to use. They also located several glass pipes, commonly used for smoking illegal narcotics.

She was transported to the Lafayette County correctional facility, where she was later transported to a local hospital to be checked out.

Once released from the hospital, she was extradited back to Louisiana and booked at Bayou Dorcheat Correctional Center.

Bond on the warrant was $50,000 and has not been set on the remaining charges.



Woman flips police bird, leads them on high-speed chase


ATHENS — A Madison County fugitive has been indicted in connection with the 2013 rape of a Limestone County woman, authorities said.

Ricardo Gordillo, 29, is charged with first-degree rape, a Class A felony, in connection with the forcible sexual assault of a woman at her residence in the Limestone-annexed portion of Madison on May 1, 2013, court records shows. 57cedc152e21c_image

Earlier this year, deputies arrested Gordillo on a warrant in Imperial County, California, sheriff’s spokesman Stephen Young said.

Since May 19, Gordillo has been held in Limestone County Jail with bail set at $25,000.

Gordillo, who also is wanted on a 2013 methamphetamine trafficking charge in Madison County, is listed as a fugitive in connection with that arrest, court records show.

Gordillo was indicted in 2014 after a Madison County grand jury determined there was enough evidence to formally charge the suspect with possession of at least 28 grams of meth in southwest Huntsville, court records show.

If convicted of the rape charge, Gordillo faces up to life imprisonment.





The convicted killer of a Waikato couple will spend another 18 months in jail after breaching parole by using methamphetamine.

Leith Rex Ray, 42, is serving a life sentence for the brutal 1994 murder of Te Akau couple John and Josie Harrisson.

Ray, a 19-year-old at the time, and Gresham Kirsten Leith Marsh, 22, broke into the Harrisson home on June 1, 1994.1473136471657

Ray and Marsh had been on a burglary spree around the Central North Island, stealing a car and a .22 rifle.

While in the Harrisson’s home, one of them coughed, waking John Harrisson, 83, who confronted them.

John Harrisson threatened to call police but was shot in the back.

His wife, Josephine Harrisson, 72, was shot as she lay in her bed.

Ray and Marsh were then said to have taken turns at shooting the couple – John Harrisson, four times. Josie Harrisson, twice.

Ray and Marsh were both sentenced to life imprisonment with minimum non-parole periods of 10 years each.

Ray was released on parole in February, 8, 2016 but recalled just weeks later on March, 15.

A subsequent parole hearing was delayed to July 13 after he pleaded guilty to breaching his release conditions. Among the raft of conditions, including GPS monitoring, Ray was not permitted to consume alcohol or drugs.

At the March recall hearing, he said he unwittingly consumed methamphetamine when traces of the drug were on a drink bottle he had used.

He was sentenced to two months in prison for the parole breach.

Ray was a recognized drug user while in custody until 2010. He held an Identified Drug User status which put him under special Corrections Department management.

At the latest parole hearing, he continued to deny knowingly using methamphetamine, saying he was “set up” by a housemate.

The Parole Board did not agree with Ray’s counsel that Ray would not pose an undue risk if he was released.

Ray’s counsel, whose name is withheld, and Ray “tended to minimize the offending”, the Parole Board said in its decision.

“We, like the victims, whose written submissions were shown to Mr Ray, now query whether, with the benefit of hindsight, there was some truth to the suggestion . . . that Mr Ray was in fact involved in using or dealing drugs in custody,” the decision said.

Ray is “weak and easily led”, the Parole Board said.

“Mr Ray obviously needs help to deal with the pressure to use substances, and the challenges which will confront him in the community.

“He needs assistance to stand up to others and to be open and honest with his supporters.

“Mr Ray has a lot of work to do to make up for lost ground.”

Ray will next front the Parole Board at a hearing scheduled to take place in February 2018.







AMARILLO, Texas – An Oklahoma City man was arrested after authorities in Texas allegedly discovered nearly $1 million worth of methamphetamine in his vehicle.AYALA--ERNESTO-BMP

The Texas Department of Public Safety claims that it seized more than 12 pounds of methamphetamine on Saturday during a traffic stop in Carson County.

uklhkgltgklglAround 2:44 p.m. on Saturday, a trooper pulled over a 2003 Nissan sedan on I-40 for a traffic violation.

During the stop, the trooper found several plastic-wrapped packages of methamphetamine concealed inside the rocker panels.

The driver, 20-year-old Ernesto Ayala, was charged with felony possession of a controlled substance.

Authorities say the drugs were allegedly being transported from San Diego to Oklahoma City.




Police: Oklahoma City man arrested with nearly $1 million worth of methamphetamine in car


Child soldiers in foreign conflicts are treated as victims. What about the adolescents on the U.S.-Mexico border? 

 By Patrick Radden Keefe

After Gabriel Cardona was sentenced, in 2009, press photographers took his picture through a pane of protective glass, as if he were some exotic beast. There was something unthinkable about what he had become, a ghoulish contradiction too awful for the culture to assimilate: a child assassin. Yet there he sat, in pristine white prison scrubs, reciting a catalogue of macabre achievements in the matter-of-fact tones of a college interview. When Cardona was arrested, he was nineteen, and his delicate-featured face retained a dissonant boyishness. But he blinked when he spoke, in nervous flurries, and his interlocutors found themselves staring at a tattoo of a second set of eyes, blue-black and smudgy, that had been inked onto his eyelids.


In the past decade, as the death toll from Mexico’s drug war spiralled, it was all too easy for people in the United States to think of the horrors unfolding just across the border as a foreign problem, as disconnected from our day-to-day reality as the conflicts in Libya or Syria. But Gabriel Cardona was an American kid. Born and raised in Laredo, Texas, he was poor but smart, and fully attuned to the meritocratic ethos of life in the United States; as a child, he thought he might grow up to be a lawyer. Cardona played on the football team, read Buzz Bissinger’s “Friday Night Lights,” and identified with the stunted yearning of the characters in the book. Then, during his sophomore year, a coach benched him, and he ended up dropping out and drifting into delinquency—first stealing cars, later smuggling drugs and weapons across the border. As Cardona came of age as a petty criminal, a brash new cartel, the Zetas, was asserting itself in Mexico’s drug economy and developing a reputation for tactics of unparalleled cruelty.


Laredo’s population grew by nearly fifty per cent in the nineteen-nineties, as cross-border trade surged after the passage of the North American Free Trade Agreement, and the new relationship between Mexico and the United States transformed the underworld ecosystem as well. In a new book, “Wolf Boys: Two American Teenagers and Mexico’s Most Dangerous Drug Cartel” (Simon & Schuster), Dan Slater writes that by 2004 the Zetas were moving as much as ten tons of cocaine across the border—and grossing roughly a hundred million dollars—every week. They called their cartel the Company, and as that dirty revenue trickled into the sprawling metropolitan region that comprises Laredo and Nuevo Laredo, just across the border in Mexico, the area started to look like a company town. Small businesses became fronts for laundering drug proceeds, Slater writes, and “everyone, it seemed, was mixed up in something.”gabrieltattoed_eyes


Slater, a former reporter for the Wall Street Journal, read about the arrest of Cardona, and of his childhood friend and fellow teen hit man Rosalio Reta, in the press. In interviews with the Times and other outlets, Cardona and Reta described living in a Texas safe house and carrying out hits on demand. Slater wondered how an adolescent becomes a mass murderer. Cardona was seventeen when he joined the cartel and nineteen when he was captured. Reta, who, with his diminutive stature and oblong head, was known as Bart, after Bart Simpson, joined at sixteen and was in custody less than a year later. Between them, by their own accounts, they killed more than fifty people. Were they psychopaths to begin with? Or were they ordinary kids whom the Zetas had sculpted into monsters?


Wanting to understand “the allure of cartel logic,” Slater wrote to Cardona and Reta in prison. To his surprise, they wrote back.


One day in the summer of 1995, a psychologist named Michael Wessells visited Grafton Camp, a rehabilitation center in Sierra Leone for child soldiers who had fought in the country’s civil war. The children ranged in age from nine to sixteen. Many of them had killed. But as Wessells watched they drew pictures and danced and played coöperative games. They behaved, in other words, like kids. In an essay, he recalled how he was struck, in that moment, by the realization that, “under certain conditions, practically any child could be changed into a killer.”cardona_and_reta_teens


The phrase “child soldier” tends to conjure images of places like Sierra Leone, and minors were used extensively there and in other African conflicts during the nineteen-nineties. But boys and girls under the age of eighteen have been deployed in battles throughout the world, from Colombia to Sri Lanka, and still fight on the front lines of many conflicts today. According to the United Nations, recruitment of child soldiers in Afghanistan doubled last year, with both the Taliban and government forces relying on underage combatants. In March, the State Department reported that the Islamic State is increasing its dependence on a cadre of juvenile conscripts, some as young as ten years old, who are known as the Cubs of the Caliphate. Historically, children often served in ancillary roles during wartime, as couriers, drummer boys, or “powder monkeys,” who ferried ammunition to cannon crews. But as weapons design evolved during the past century, and particularly with the advent of the AK-47 assault rifle, it became more practical to put children in front-line combat. P. W. Singer, in his book “Children at War” (2005), observes that the AK-47, with fewer than ten moving parts, is “brutally simple”: “Interviews reveal that it generally takes children around thirty minutes to learn how to use one.”


What juveniles lack in strength and experience they make up for in other qualities: they are coachable and often available in abundant supply. The uncertainty of wartime leaves young people acutely vulnerable; separated from family or other support structures, children can form a dependency on their military commanders that makes them easy to exploit. The warlord Joseph Kony, in the early years of his insurgency in Uganda, conscripted adults for his Lord’s Resistance Army. He eventually switched to children, because they were easier to indoctrinate. Of course, there is a moral taboo associated with defiling the innocence of youth, but a willingness to violate that taboo can amount to a tactical advantage. A professional soldier, peering through the scope of his rifle at a twelve-year-old, might hesitate to pull the trigger. And signalling that there is no boundary one is unprepared to transgress may demoralize one’s adversary. A recent report by the Quilliam Foundation describes Islamic State propaganda videos that feature children committing murder, and suggests that the group is broadcasting its willingness to flout international norms in a deliberate effort to seize “the psychological upper hand.”


One context in which we don’t often hear about child soldiers is the drug war on the U.S.-Mexico border. Yet, according to Child Rights Network, an alliance of civic and social organizations in Mexico, some thirty thousand minors have been pressed into playing a role in the country’s ongoing criminal insurgency, and several thousand of them have been killed. “Wolf Boys” offers a bracingly intimate glimpse of how this insurgency looks from the point of view of the young killers on the front lines. Prison can make a good correspondent of almost anyone, and, after writing to Cardona and Reta, Slater found himself drawn into an epistolary relationship of queasy intensity. He visited both boys in prison and spoke to them for hours. Reta eventually cut off contact, but Slater and Cardona continued to correspond, exchanging hundreds of pages of letters.



When Cardona was seventeen, in 2004, he was in Nuevo Laredo doing a freelance smuggling deal; corrupt local police spotted him and brought him to Miguel Treviño, the dead-eyed commander of the Zetas. Treviño, who was in his thirties, interrogated Cardona while palming a hand grenade, “like a pitcher cups a baseball,” Slater writes. Treviño was impressed by Cardona’s self-possession, and not long afterward Cardona was sent, as a probationary foot soldier, to a training camp in Tamaulipas.


The Zetas originated from a team of élite commandos who defected from Mexico’s armed forces, so the cartel was prone to paramilitary affectation. Treviño was known by his radio call sign: Cuarenta (“Forty”). But the training camp bore a notable resemblance to regimens from other parts of the world in which armed groups teach kids to kill. Cardona was instructed to leave behind his civilian clothes, along with his wallet and phone, and to wear the same uniform as the other recruits (bluejeans, white T-shirt), in a symbolic shedding of skin.


In a 2007 memoir, “A Long Way Gone,” Ishmael Beah describes a similar ritual when, at thirteen, he was inducted into the Armed Forces of Sierra Leone. As he is putting on new army shorts, Beah sees a soldier burning his “old belongings.” He is given a bayonet and ordered to attack a banana tree, imagining that it is his enemy. This is a standard feature of any curriculum in homicide: progressive exposure to violence. When the Islamic State trains the Cubs of the Caliphate, children are instructed to decapitate a doll, then to watch while a human is decapitated, then to decapitate a human themselves.


Cardona and his fellow-trainees, who ranged in age from fifteen to thirty, were given assault rifles and coached by mercenaries from Colombia and Israel. They were taught how to shoot a fleeing target, “like leading a wide receiver in a football game.” At the camp, the Zetas had assembled hundreds of prisoners—captured adversaries from the rival Sinaloa cartel—whom they called “contras.” “You see and do,” the instructors intoned, demonstrating how to kill someone with a knife by killing a contra. It was not in the heat of battle but with these hapless human guinea pigs that Cardona learned to kill. The recruits were told to take an AR-15, run into a house, and murder the contra inside. So Cardona did. You see and do.


Child soldiers often rely on drugs to injure themselves to horror. Ishmael Beah became addicted to “brown-brown,” a mixture of gunpowder and cocaine. Cardona favored a cocktail of heavy tranquillizers and Red Bull, administered at regular intervals throughout the day, which rendered him alert but insensate. Miguel Treviño, though, required no drugs to kill. If the role he plays in “Wolf Boys” is an archetypal one—the psychopath father proxy, the charismatic comandante—the details have a chilling specificity. When Treviño is driving and sees a dog sleeping by the side of the road, he swerves to hit it. After stealing a tiger from the circus, he starves it, then feeds it human victims. At one point, Treviño tells Cardona that he has killed “more than eight hundred people.” Among the Zetas, this counts as a boast. It is not merely the act of killing but a real or feigned emotional indifference to the taking of human life that consolidates status in the cartel. Armed groups that use child soldiers often truck in mystical elements—one reason that Joseph Kony found kids so easy to manipulate is their readiness to believe in magic—and the Zetas betray some elements of a death cult. Cardona was not an especially spiritual kid, but like his colleagues he offered lip service to Santa Muerte, the Mexican folk saint of the dead.


In the Zetas, Dan Slater tells us, the highest praise you could offer someone was to say that he was frío—coldhearted. The first time Rosalio Reta kills someone, his comrades rally around to celebrate. “Your first job!” they exclaim. “You’re going to have nightmares!” He was sixteen. Slater charts Cardona’s evolution into an efficient and reliable killer, “a heat-seeking missile of black-market capitalism to be deployed against anyone who ran afoul of the Company.” At one point, Treviño touches Cardona’s chest and tells him, “You’re just as cold as me.”


In the United States, when a child murders a classmate or a family member, the criminal-justice system makes few allowances for youth. After a Supreme Court decision in 2005, we no longer execute minors, but children as young as thirteen have been tried as adults, and thousands of juveniles have been sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole. For child soldiers in foreign conflicts, the situation is often different. In recent decades, humanitarian groups have successfully campaigned for juvenile combatants to be considered not primarily as the perpetrators of violence but as casualties themselves. “Children associated with armed groups are, above all, victims of these groups,” Leila Zerrougui, who advises the U.N. Secretary-General on child soldiers, said last year. In 2002, when the Special Court for Sierra Leone was established, it was decided that children under the age of fifteen, even those who had committed monstrous crimes, should be exempted from the proceedings. As the anthropologist David Rosen observes in his book “Child Soldiers” (2012), the idea that a juvenile who commits war crimes should be spared any judicial accounting represents a “new and radical notion.”


One beneficiary of this approach was Ishmael Beah, who after nearly three years as a child soldier in Sierra Leone was rescued by the U.N. and “demobilized” in 1996, at the age of sixteen. Beah turned out to have a fluid ability to narrate his own story and a camera-ready smile that seemed to signal, at a glance, his rehabilitation. You would be hard pressed to find a more ingratiating spokesman for former child combatants. Beah was eventually adopted by an activist in New York City and attended Oberlin. His memoir was displayed in Starbucks and sold 1.5 million copies. (There was subsequent controversy over charges that Beah fabricated parts of his story, but both Beah and his publisher reject these claims.)


If Ishmael Beah is eligible for redemption, should we extend a similar dispensation to Gabriel Cardona? Beah writes that he and his compatriots “had no choice” but to join the hostilities: they were separated from their families in the midst of a civil war. Parts of Mexico certainly resembled a conflict zone when Cardona was a Zeta; in places along the border, the murder rate was higher than in Afghanistan or Iraq. But Cardona didn’t live in Mexico; he lived in Laredo, and Laredo was comparatively safe. His father was an abusive drunk who left the family when he was a child, and, Slater writes, Cardona had “seen enough movies” to blame his father’s absence for “part of his situation.” But only part of it. Cardona sees that this is no basis for absolution. He was not an orphan: he remained close with his mother and his brother. He was an intelligent kid who had other options.


Cardona might have been frío, but he was not a sadist. Unlike Miguel Treviño, he derived no thrill from killing. So why do it? The anthropologist Alcinda Honwana has observed that young combatants, in the face of pervasive murder, “vividly experienced their own powerlessness—except as killers,” and Darwinian logic may have played a role. Better to be a meat eater than a grass eater in a world in which grass eaters get eaten. Cardona tells of the macho empowerment he felt as an alpha in a hazardous domain. But he offers another explanation, too, one that is as bleak as it is banal: he killed for cars and clothes. The Zetas paid Cardona five hundred dollars a week. “Commission missions”—solo contract hits—could mean a ten-thousand-dollar bonus. Like any callow American kid, Cardona was hopelessly materialistic, and Slater reels off brand names like a catalogue of ships in the Iliad: Volvo, GMC Denali, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Joe Brand, Versace, Lacoste. You might think that the Zetas, in their taste for bloody mayhem, share something with Al Qaeda or ISIS. But, to members of the cartel, jihadists seemed misguided, because they were willing to die for an ideology, when their real problem was “being poor.” For a street kid like Cardona, making his way in the war economy along the border, murder meant upward mobility. “Riches and bitches,” the instructors in Tamaulipas chanted, explaining what recruits stood to gain if they killed for the Company.


It is difficult, when reading such passages, to feel much sympathy for Cardona. But teen-agers are hardly known for the sophistication of their decision-making. Studies have shown that during adolescence the parts of the brain that incline us to risky behavior are more developed than the “cognitive control system,” which regulates such impulses, and tends to develop later. In fact, while we often focus, when we talk about child soldiers, on the systems of exploitation that perpetuate the phenomenon, it may be driven just as much by an element of unhinged adolescent agency. In 2006, Michael Wessells, the psychologist who visited Grafton Camp, published a book, “Child Soldiers: From Violence to Protection,” in which he addressed the fact that the majority of underage combatants are not kidnapped or forcefully conscripted; they voluntarily enlist. Their range of alternatives may be constrained by wartime circumstance—more constrained than Cardona’s. Still, Wessells says that many children join armed groups not because they “have no choice” but because they are seeking “meaning, identity, and options civilian life does not afford.”


Cardona can distinguish right and wrong. He knows that what he is doing is immoral, but he rationalizes. He tells himself that there are no innocents in the drug trade; if he didn’t execute his victims, somebody else would. Even so, he has doubts, and one quietly devastating aspect of “Wolf Boys” is the way in which, whenever Cardona starts to question his gruesome métier, he finds himself set straight. At night clubs, the young hit men are fêted like rock stars and courted by groupies. In a country where more than ninety-five per cent of homicides typically go unsolved, anyone might begin to question the value of life. The police in Nuevo Laredo don’t merely fail to investigate murders; they assist Cardona in his executions, patrolling outside a restaurant while he slays a diner inside. When the Company needs to dispose of bodies, it subcontracts to the police, who have a sideline burning corpses in oil drums.


At different points in the book, Cardona uses the word “across” as a noun, to describe the country across the border—Mexico—but also, it seems, the metaphysical realm of pure transgression in which he resides. “That’s the way it is across,” he says. Cardona has a girlfriend, Christina, whom he loves. Between murders, he takes her to Applebee’s and they order orange sodas. During a moment of introspection, he asks why she would want to be with a troublemaker like him. Wouldn’t it be better to date a “civilized person”? Christina grew up in Laredo, surrounded by the costs of cartel life. She ponders the question, before replying, “Los calmados son jotillos.” (“The calm ones are faggots.”)


In a book about killing, Slater is curiously vague about most of the murders that Cardona and Reta commit. This could be a matter of legal necessity: the boys were charged with only a handful of homicides, and detailing other crimes might result in further indictments. Slater may also have elected to gloss over grisly particulars as a narrative strategy, so as not to foreclose any identification between his reader and his subjects; Ishmael Beah describes killing as a “daily activity” but similarly refrains from graphic elaboration. Or perhaps, for Cardona and Beah alike, such specifics are lost in the fog of war. When a CNN interviewer asked Cardona how many people he had killed, he laughed nervously and said, “I have no idea.” (Prompted to estimate, he put the number between twenty and thirty.)


One theory about why we may be prepared to forgive child soldiers in foreign conflicts while harshly punishing children who kill in this country has to do with the identity not of the killer but of the victim. Mark Drumbl, a law professor at Washington and Lee, observes that “whereas the child perpetrator targeting Africans tends to be held as a mindless captive of purposeless violence, the child perpetrator targeting Westerners tends to be held as an intentional author of purposeful violence.” Eventually, Miguel Treviño made a fateful decision to deploy Cardona, along with Rosalio Reta, across the border to Texas, with a list of Americans to kill. In Laredo, a D.E.A. agent named Robert Garcia began to pursue the young killers, so Treviño decided that they should kill Garcia as well. Before they could do so, both boys were taken into custody. After their capture, a prosecutor said in court, Laredo’s murder rate dropped by half.


The recent film “Beasts of No Nation,” based on the novel by Uzodinma Iweala, depicts the transformation of Agu, a child from an unnamed West African country, from a giggling boy to a machete-wielding killer. It is a searing chronicle of metamorphosis, and, owing in part to the performance of Abraham Attah, the Ghanaian actor who plays Agu, the film leaves the viewer little choice but to identify with a marauding underage soldier and to construe each incremental tragedy that befalls him as a basis for mitigating his culpability. Watching the film, you desperately want Agu to escape. And he does. The final scenes take place at a coastal rehabilitation center for demobilized child soldiers. Agu’s soul is not beyond salvage, and the film ends on a hopeful note, as a gaggle of former child combatants take to the ocean and frolic in the waves and Agu, looking very much like a boy again, plunges in to join them.


There is no such redemption in “Wolf Boys.” When Cardona and Reta received what amount to life sentences in prison, no N.G.O. intervened on their behalf. There was no art therapy. Nobody seemed eager to “reintegrate” the boys into society. Deprived of his tranquillizers, Cardona started having gory nightmares. In letters to Slater, he seems to fluctuate in his own assessment of his past. At times, he expresses remorse. But he still maintains that Miguel Treviño, who was arrested by Mexican forces in 2013, is “a good man.”


Rosalio Reta, in some of his initial media interviews, expressed glassy-eyed contrition, casting himself as a hapless victim of grave forces beyond his control. But this was a put-on, Slater writes. Reta was merely savvy enough to know what people wanted to hear. He told stories about killing for the first time when he was thirteen, though according to “Wolf Boys” he was actually sixteen. Reta’s bogus narrative of redemption was “a hit with his public,” Slater observes. In fact, Reta tells Slater that he’s been thinking about writing a book—something along the lines of Ishmael Beah’s “A Long Way Gone.”


Cardona and Reta are still young, with decades ahead of them for reflection. They may yet come to terms with the wreckage they have caused. In 2013, a team of psychologists at the University of Utah published a paper noting that, while there is extensive academic literature on the indoctrination, rehabilitation, and post-conflict trauma of child soldiers abroad, there are few corresponding studies of American children drawn into gang violence. Perhaps, they suggested, some of the research lessons gleaned from international studies could be applied to “the child combatants in our own backyard.” For Slater, the story of Cardona and Reta is, at least in part, an indictment of American obliviousness: a parable about the mutant children of the drug war. When Cardona was sentenced, in 2009, his lawyer pleaded for something shorter than a life sentence. “I don’t know what’s in my client’s mind,” he said. “I’m not Freud. I’m sure Freud would have a field day. I don’t know what the motivation was. We don’t know what makes him tick. No one seems to really care.”


Borderland Beat Reporter dd Posted at 10:20 PM






ROGERSVILLE, Tenn. (WVLT) – A Hawkins County woman is facing drug charges after police find large amounts of methamphetamine in traffic stop.

According to the Hawkins County Sheriff’s department Stephanie+Bailey1Stephanie Michelle Bailey was seen driving a 1996 Cheverlot truck North on Highway 66S. A deputy noticed Bailey was not wearing a seat belt and pulled her over.

That’s when the deputy discovered the Churchill woman was driving with a revoked license for a previous DUI. A K9 unit discovered 1 oz of methamphetamine, 3 round tablets of Tylenol, and 2.5 tablets of Alprazolam. The drugs have an estimated street value of over $4,000.

Bailey is also wanted in Georgia for a violation of probation on a drug charge.

She was taken to the Hawkins County Jail.





Columbus police say a Phenix City man arrested and charged with possession of methamphetamine with intent to distribute struck an officer during the arrest.

According to a police report, 41-year-old Harold W. George grabbed an officer by the throat, pushed him and threw multiple punches.

He was arrested in the area of Manchester Expressway and Second Avenue Saturday.

Besides the drug charge, George faces charges of obstruction of an officer, no state tag and no proof of insurance.

A tentative trial date has been set for a North Idaho man accused of forcing a 22-year-old to eat a deadly dose of methamphetamine.
The Coeur D’Alene Press reports 43-year-old Shaun Patrick Kelly, who was arrested on July 1st, recently entered a not guilty plea.
Authorities said the victim, Evan Mychal Larkin was held at gunpoint and forced to eat the lethal dose of meth to prove he wasn’t a police informant.
Kelly’s bond is set at $150,000 and his trial is scheduled for November.

Sometime in 2012, Richard Wold began going to the office six days a week. He also started coming in at 6 a.m., an hour ahead of most colleagues.

Wold, then 59, saw he got more done by starting early. For the first couple of hours, there were no phone calls, meetings or visitors to interrupt his flow. It was just him, his machines, some classical music and drug specimens.57cb6bda05949.image

As the only drug analyst for the Rapid City Police Department’s Evidence Section, Wold wanted to increase his output to keep pace with the growing number of local drug crimes.

By the end of 2012, he had conducted 2,605 drug analyses, a thousand more than the previous year. In 2014, he set a lab record of 3,233 analyses.

His job, as a forensic chemist, is to identify the substances seized by law enforcement and determine if they are indeed illegal. His reports are crucial to the prosecution of drug offenders.

But evidence has been coming in much faster than one drug analyst can process. Wold’s turnaround time now is four to eight weeks.

Meanwhile, local prosecutors have no choice but to dismiss some drug charges while they wait for the lab reports.

“It is fairly frequent that we have to dismiss a case and then re-file it when the testing gets done,” said Pennington County State’s Attorney Mark Vargo.

In 2015, Rapid City Police Chief Karl Jegeris sought to address the problem by asking city hall for a second drug analyst. Mayor Steve Allender allocated $84,500 for it in his budget proposal for the coming year, but the council voted it down due to a lack of funding.

The request is again on the table as the deadline nears to finalize the city’s 2017 budget. Jegeris is hopeful the council will approve it this time around as his department deals with the growing drug problem.

“Our No. 1 goal is to reduce victimization in our community, and we can only do that by holding known drug offenders accountable,” he said.

The testing process

Wold spends many of his waking hours in a room with off-white walls and gray furniture. Located on the second floor of the police Evidence Building, at the corner of Kansas and First streets, it houses equipment worth tens of thousands of dollars, as well as an assortment of vials and folders marked EVIDENCE. On one long table, beside stacks of lab reports, are CDs of Queen, Jim Groce and Josh Groban.

“My little radio’s broken, so I’m listening to CDs right now,” said Wold, a chemical engineering graduate from the School of Mines & Technology, who professes an affinity for classical music on South Dakota Public Radio.

On an average day, Wold completes analyzing 15 specimens, corresponding to evidence in at least three court cases. He testifies in court about three times a month.

Prosecutors consider Wold’s analyses invaluable in their work. Drug-testing results are “absolutely necessary to get a conviction,” said Sara Rabern, spokeswoman for the South Dakota Attorney General’s Office, whose Rapid City attorneys use the lab.

Field tests, which are basic drug tests conducted by law enforcement agents, are generally not enough to get a conviction. Scores of incidents around the U.S. have shown they can produce false positives and wrongful convictions.

“In order to go to trial, we’ve got to have a lab result,” said Gregg Peterman, supervisory assistant at the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Rapid City, which also uses the police lab. “I can’t imagine federal prosecutors elsewhere going to court without a first-rate lab result.”

People may think of lab tests as routine, but lab director Brendan Matthew said that’s not the case with drug analyses. Wold receives some powders or liquids that start out being completely unknown, or gets quantities so small they’re barely enough to test. This requires time, experience and creative problem solving, said Matthew, a forensic chemist himself.

After a steady rise over four years, Wold’s output dipped in 2015. That summer the lab was accredited by the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors/Laboratory Accreditation Board, which required more testing documentation.

It was a notable year for another reason. For the first time since the lab began tracking comparative data in 2003, methamphetamine overtook marijuana as the facility’s most tested drug with 914 versus 813 analyses. Both drugs took up almost 70 percent of Wold’s lab time in 2015. Cocaine and the painkiller oxycodone, combined, made up less than 2 percent.

The influx of meth has changed the landscape of local crime, according to authorities. In the past two years, Rapid City has seen 13 homicides, as well as three officer-involved shootings that resulted in civilian deaths. Last year saw some new crime highs: 315 aggravated assaults, 223 stolen motor vehicles, 76 robberies, 52 police pursuits and 1,349 drug arrests.

And meth’s supremacy in Wold’s lab seems to be holding up. As of Aug. 15, analyses of the drug were ahead of marijuana, 432 to 304.

The specimens Wold tests come from about a dozen counties in western South Dakota, but most are from Pennington County. Last year, close to 90 percent of his analyses was for Pennington County clients, the majority of them for the Pennington County State’s Attorney’s Office. But the items the office submits for testing are just a fraction of the drug evidence it has.

Long line for service

Twenty years ago, Pennington County prosecutors asked the lab to test all the evidence in a drug case, said Vargo, who was a deputy state’s attorney here in the ‘90s.

Now, Vargo said, prosecutors have to limit their testing requests per case knowing the drug lab is overloaded.

The Evidence Building is the repository of items seized by Rapid City police and Pennington County sheriff’s deputies. The building’s warehouse, a bit bigger than a basketball court and filled with rows of 12-foot high shelves, is on the floor just below Wold’s lab. But to optimize his time, Wold doesn’t begin testing — drugs, paraphernalia or anything that may hold drug traces — unless he gets a written request from the Pennington County State’s Attorney’s Office.

The office’s prosecutors, meanwhile, prioritize their requests based on the big-picture impact of a drug charge. For instance, Vargo said, the analysis of evidence against people in jail takes precedence over that of suspects out on bond. On the other hand, prosecutors don’t need to rush testing if a suspect is facing other charges, such as assault or burglary, which don’t rely on drug analyses.

If lab reports are not yet ready within a certain point in the court proceedings — and cases cannot move forward without them — prosecutors need to dismiss suspects’ charges. The charges can be re-filed if the lab tests later yield positive results.

The re-filing sometimes happens when a suspect gets arrested on a new charge, since an older case will get lab results sooner, or the old charge won’t be re-filed in favor of the new one.

“The number of cases that actually gets dismissed because we didn’t have the drug testing and then never re-filed are more limited,” Vargo said. “There are a lot more things leaving the Evidence Section without being tested, but usually something in each case is going to get tested.”

It happens that some evidence never gets tested. That is when a drug charge is dismissed because of a defendant’s plea agreement on non-drug charges, Vargo said.

But some cases do not move forward, even after the lab testing is completed. By that time, the suspects, or witnesses, are gone.

Authorities can’t say what the rate of case dismissals or re-filings are. The State’s Attorney’s Office doesn’t keep track of this data.

Challenges of policing

On July 11, 27-year-old Cole Younger was arrested after Rapid City police found him with a gunshot wound in his left foot, a stolen firearm and a substance that field-tested positive for meth. He was charged with three felonies: commission of a felony with a firearm, possession of a controlled substance and grand theft by receiving stolen property.

If found guilty of the charges, he could spend as much as three decades in prison.

A week and a half later, the court granted him release from jail since the drug-testing results in his case were not yet ready. Later that day, the state’s attorney’s office dismissed all his charges after discovering Texas also wanted him on a felony.

Younger’s Rapid City charges will be re-filed once he resolves his Texas case, the prosecutor’s office said, and by that time his lab results and case witnesses should be waiting for him.

Police chief Jegeris admitted law enforcement officers get frustrated when they see suspects back on the streets because of bottlenecks in the system. Offenders need to see swift punishment or the cycle of crime will continue, he said.

“Unfortunately, some of them are getting caught but they’re not being held accountable because of delays in the drug testing and therefore, delays in the prosecution,” he said. “It does take the wind out of your sails at times, but that’s why you maintain focus and you just continue trying to do your job to the best of your ability.”

Jegeris said he is not putting any blame on the state’s attorney’s office, just as much as the office isn’t blaming the police department for the drug lab’s limitations. Local prosecutors, he said, are doing a commendable job despite the system’s constraints.

The situation at the police lab isn’t unique to Pennington County. Many other publicly funded laboratories around the country are experiencing a need for more personnel due to a surge in workload, said Matthew Gamette, a member of the board of directors at the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors. The organization, headquartered in North Carolina, has some 600 members throughout the U.S.

There has been an increase in lab analyses requests across various disciplines, said Gamette, but noted a spike in crimes involving new types of drugs, as well as heroin and fentanyl.

The crime lab society supports the hiring of additional lab staff since people are more prone to mistakes when they’re overworked, said Gamette, head of the Idaho State Police Forensic Services. Its members have also seen how the lack of lab personnel has resulted in court delays.

The upcoming vote

In his proposed 2017 budget of $160 million, Rapid City Mayor Allender has allotted $84,503 for a second drug analyst. The police department will find out by Sept. 30, or possibly as early as Tuesday, if Wold will soon be sharing his lab with another chemist.

In the summer of 2014, Wold scaled back his hours to 45 a week.

“You get worn out, you get tired,” he said. “You come to a realization that you don’t have a life because of work.” Now, he spends his weekends playing with his grandchildren, ages 1, 3 and 4.

He is looking forward to mentoring a new drug analyst, but the clock is ticking. After 15 years at the lab, he plans to retire in two years when he turns 65.





HARTFORD, Ky. (9/2/16) — Two Hartford residents were arrested on multiple drug charges, after officers were called to investigate the report of a child wandering the neighborhood with no supervision.

According to the Ohio County Sheriff’s Office, around 3 p.m., yesterday, deputies received a call about to a 2 year-old child who was found wandering a neighborhood without supervision. The incident took place in the 2900 block of Beda Road in Hartford.Wood-Haysley-Arrest

OCSO Sergeant Chris Stafford began an investigation into the case. During his investigation, he made contact with the child’s mother. According to her, the child was left in the care of Jennifer Haysley, 35, of Hartford. Sgt. Stafford was not able to make contact with Haysley at the house where the child was supposed to be. He soon learned Haysley was wanted on an arrest warrant out of Jefferson County.

As the investigation continued, OCSO detectives became involved. The home in question was already on the OCSO Narcotic’s Unit’s radar for possible illegal drug activity. According to information they had received, the possibility of marijuana cultivation taking place at this home was very real. Based upon their combined information, a search warrant for the address was obtained through the OCSO.

Deputies of the OCSO and troopers of the Kentucky State Police executed the search warrant around 6 p.m. Monday evening. Upon their arrival, they were met at the home’s side door by two individuals. One of the individuals was identified as Haysley. The other was identified as Narvel Wood, 46, who was another of the home’s residents.

During the search, officers found 55 marijuana plants in various stages of growth. The marijuana has a street value of $110,000. They also located an extensive amount of materials and equipment used to cultivate marijuana. In addition, officers found an elaborate security system, methamphetamine, weapons, cash and drug paraphernalia. Officers also seized three vehicles.

The duo was taken into custody without incident.

They were both charged with one count of cultivating marijuana (greater than 5 plants), one count of first degree trafficking in a controlled substance (Methamphetamine), one count of trafficking marijuana (8 oz. to 5lbs.), one count of first degree possession of a controlled substance (Methamphetamine), one count of possession of marijuana and one count of possession of drug paraphernalia.

Wood was also charged with one count of possession of a firearm by a convicted felon.

Haysley was also charged with one count of endangering the welfare of a minor, along with several charges stemming from the arrest warrant issued through Jefferson County.

Both individuals were lodged in the Ohio County Detention Center.





U.S. Customs and Border Protection officers have reported a spike in the number of methamphetamine smuggling attempts through the border.

“It would be fair to say that we have seen an increase in meth seizures within this fiscal year,” said Customs and Border Protections Public Affairs Liaison Elias Rodriguez.uktuktkkrk

Rodriguez said smugglers are using a variety of new tactics to cross the drug without being caught, such as hiding them in beer or shampoo bottles.

“We even saw an extreme case where somebody strapped meth inside a baby’s diaper,” Rodriguez said.

Members of Behavioral Health Solutions in South Texas, a non-profit organization that offers drug prevention and treatment services, said they have also seen an increase in meth users in the valley.

They say the drug is being sold at much cheaper prices because it is being made in Mexico in bigger quantities than in previous years.

“There is definitely more meth users here in the valley,” said Intervention Specialist Stephanie Garcia. “You can be up for three days and even longer and you can experience paranoia.”

Garcia encourages people who use the drug, or who have family members who use the drug, to seek help immediately at a local drug treatment program.





“The merchandise is estimated to be worth 3.8 million euros ($4.3 million) on the illegal retail market,” according to a customs statement.

Customs officers at Paris’ Charles de Gaulle airport checking cartons containing bags of cereal en route from aa40c9005836769e9d37cc5eec81c9f18b1602427b9a13512c052e62c75b91edCameroon to Malaysia on Tuesday night found them to be “unusually heavy“, the statement said.

They found the crystalline drug, a strong stimulant, in 40 of 70 bags.

Long popular in poorer Asian countries, especially among those who work long hours, methamphetamine now seems to be finding new markets in richer states such as South Korea and Singapore as well as Malaysia.




Meth is again on the rise in Montana, and it’s threatening to overwhelm our criminal justice system.

Investigators, police and prosecutors in Missoula and across the state are seeing more methamphetamine cases involving larger amounts of the stimulant than ever before. That’s the bad news. The good news is they are largely in agreement about how to fight back against the meth problem.

It’s time we all listened to what they’re saying and started giving them the support they need to fight this rising threat to public health and safety. What’s more, cracking down on meth will help Montana make progress on a number of related fronts, from overcrowded jails to an overburdened foster care system.57c87a3bb1828.image

According to investigators, home meth labs aren’t the problem they used to be, thanks in large part to laws limiting the purchase of certain ingredients necessary to make meth. Instead, large labs in Mexico are churning out large amounts of the drug in a highly concentrated form and smuggling it into the United States, where it is sold in larger quantities for lower prices.

The Missoula County Attorney’s Office has 62 open cases of meth possession or distribution so far this year, on track with last year’s 117 cases – and a sharp increase from 2007’s zero meth cases.

The Missoula Drug Task Force has seen a 38 percent increase in meth seizures just over the past year.

Not only that, but the sheer amounts of meth being seized have increased alarmingly – from ounces to pounds.

Clearly, the meth problem hasn’t gone away. It’s just been simmering, and now it’s boiling over.

Law enforcement agencies are having to prioritize cases in order to deal with the most dangerous first, and new meth-dealing operations pop up just as soon are others are taken down.

Meanwhile, meth is behind increases in other kinds of crime. It is, for example, impossible to separate meth from child abuse and neglect. Missoula has seen a “direct correlation,” according to the Missoula County Attorney’s Office, between the two. The Montana Department of Health and Human Services counted more than 1,000 children in foster care in 2015 who were removed because of parental meth use.

It’s a problem that the legislature needs to address with increases in funding for investigation and enforcement – and for treatment options, starting with local drug treatment courts.

As Montana District Court Judge John Larson, who was the first judge in Montana to start a drug treatment court, explained in a recent Missoulian article exposing the new meth epidemic, such courts have an impressive track record when it comes to reducing the rate of repeat offenses.

Montana law is already set up to allow those convicted of a first felony drug offense to agree to treatment in exchange for a deferred sentence. However, those who are unsuccessful in beating their addictions often are referred to chemical dependency programs with the Department of Corrections. If Missoula were able to offer local inpatient treatment programs instead, more meth users could receive addiction services while being held accountable in their home communities, without causing further disruptions in their housing, jobs and families that would only serve to drive them to meth again.

In Yellowstone County, where more than 500 people were arrested on meth charges last year, County Attorney Scott Twito is proposing a new drug intervention program to prevent repeat drug charges for accumulating while offenders are awaiting sentencing, as well as reduce the time between arrest and sentencing – thereby getting addicts into treatment sooner.

And last week, U.S. Sen. Steve Daines announced that the Montana Department of Public Health and Human Services would be receiving $300,000 to help fight opioid abuse in the state. The announcement noted that the Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act received overwhelming support when Congress passed it in July. The legislation allows grants to support community-wide strategies in places where opioid and meth abuse is higher than the national average – places like Montana’s Indian reservations.

At the U.S. House candidate debate in Frazier last month, U.S. Rep. Ryan Zinke and his challenger, Montana Superintendent of Public Instruction Denise Juneau, both acknowledged that methamphetamine is a particular menace on Montana’s Indian reservations. It’s another encouraging sign that the problem is starting to get the kind of attention it needs.

But it needs more. Since 2005, when the Montana Meth Project first launched with the goal of reducing first-time meth use among teens, the organization has taken on the monumental task of raising public awareness. The organization made national headlines for its attention-getting advertising campaign and for a unique approach to youth involvement, with public art campaigns and school presentations that included recovering addicts. Those efforts continue, but they can’t do it alone.

Montana’s communities must recognize that meth is a problem that requires cooperation and coordination of preventive, legislative and enforcement levels at the local, state and federal levels. The magnitude of public support for these efforts should reflect the magnitude of the meth problem – and of the likely results of a sustained fight against it.








  • In May 1940, Germans were bent on driving through the Ardennes Forest
  • 60,000 Germans, 22,000 vehicles and 850 tanks crossed the River Meuse
  • Fall of France had begun – and the Germans were fuelled by crystal meth
  • Volksdroge, ‘the people’s drug’ was on sale in every chemist in Germany
  • From 1937 tens of millions of pills under trademark Pervitin were produced

he Belgian defenders had entrenched themselves in bunkers on a hillside a few miles from the French border as battle commenced.

It was May 1940, and the Germans were bent on driving through the supposedly ‘impenetrable’ Ardennes Forest.

The Fall of France had begun.

In front of the Belgians lay a slope, several hundred yards of open terrain: impossible to take except by a frontal attack, which was apparent suicide.

But that’s exactly what the infantrymen of the Wehrmacht did.

The Belgians, shocked by this fearless behaviour, retreated. Yet rather than securing their position, the completely uninhibited Germans chased after them and set their enemies to flight.

During the hours that followed, 60,000 Germans, 22,000 vehicles and 850 tanks crossed the River Meuse into France.

‘We felt a kind of high, an exceptional state,’ one participant reported. ‘We were sitting in our vehicles, covered in dust, exhausted and wired.’37DDB58400000578-3772424-image-a-39_1472923980993

It was a mere three days later that the German division commander reported his troops had reached the French border. Many of them had not shut their eyes since the start of the campaign.

And thanks to the crystal meth that had fueled their rage through the Ardennes, they still couldn’t.

‘GERMANY, awake!’ the Nazis had ordered. And with the help of methamphetamine, or crystal meth, a nation did.

Starting life as Volksdroge, ‘the people’s drug’ was on sale in every chemist shop in Germany.

But from 1937 tens of millions of little pills – under the trademark Pervitin – were produced to a quality that even Walter White, the drugs cook in the hit TV drama Breaking Bad, could only have dreamed about.

A particularly potent and perfidious substance became a popular product under Hitler

Furniture-packers shifted more furniture, firemen put out fires faster, barbers cut hair more quickly, nightwatchmen stopped sleeping on the job, train drivers drove their trains without a word of complaint, and long-distance lorry-drivers bombed down newly constructed autobahns, completing their trips in record time.

Party members did the same, and so did the SS. Stress declined, sexual appetite increased, and motivation was artificially enhanced.

Bosses at the Temmler factory in Berlin, where the pill was produced, were bursting with pride. Boxed chocolates spik37DDB57900000578-3772424-image-a-48_1472924869741ed with methamphetamine were even put on the market.

Hitler: Addicted to cocaine, the heroin-like eukodal, and a toxic cocktail of narcotics – and they were supplied by Theodor Morell, a doctor described as ‘the Reich injection master’

It was not only the hard-working servants of the Reich who became dependent on chemical stimulation. Their commander-in-chief, too, was hopelessly addicted.

While Adolf Hitler allowed the world to believe he was a teetotaller who didn’t even touch coffee, a man who had thrown his last cigarettes into the Danube, the reality was that he was a super-junkie, addicted to cocaine, the heroin-like eukodal, and a toxic cocktail of narcotics supplied by Theodor Morell, a doctor described as ‘the Reich injection master’.

Drugs fuelled Hitler’s military decisions, helped him outlast his opponents, aided his recovery after assassination attempts, and also assisted him in the bedroom with Eva Braun.

By 1936 Hitler’s health was so poor that he could barely function. He suffered from unspeakable bloating, and eczema on both legs, so that he had to walk with bandages around his feet and couldn’t wear boots.

Morell recommended to the Fuhrer the bacterial preparation Mutaflor. Hitler was cured and he appointed the doctor as his personal physician.

Before every big speech the Reich Chancellor now allowed himself a ‘power injection’ in order to work at the peak of his capabilities.

Colds, which could have kept him from appearing in public, were banished by intravenous vitamin supplements.

To be able to hold his arm up for as long as possible when doing the Nazi salute, Hitler trained with chest-expanders and also took glucose and vitamins.

The glucose, administered intravenously, gave the brain a blast of energy after 20 seconds, while the combined vitamins allowed Hitler to address crowds wearing a thin Brownshirt uniform even on cold days without showing a sign of physical weakness.

In the summer of 1942, Hitler’s absorption of injections rose to such a level that Morell had to put in a special order at Engel chemist’s shop in Berlin for syringes for the Fuhrer’s headquarters.

July 18, 1943 was a special date. The Red Army had won the greatest tank battle in history at Kursk, and thus destroyed all German hopes of a turnaround in Russia. 34753A4700000578-3772424-image-a-52_1472925805960

In the middle of the night, Morell was dragged from his bed by Heinz Linge, Hitler’s valet: the Fuhrer was bent double with pain, and an immediate cure was required.

Morell needed to pull an ace from his sleeve, and in fact he did have something: eukodal. But its use was risky. Its extremely potent active ingredient is an opioid called oxycodon, synthesised from the raw material of opium. In specialist circles, eukodal was a wonder drug.

Almost twice as effective for pain relief as morphine, this archetypal designer opioid was characterised by its potential to create very swiftly a euphoric state significantly higher than that of heroin, its pharmacological cousin.

Erwin Giesing was another of Hitler’s doctors. Giesing’s favourite remedy for treating pains in the ear, nose and throat area was cocaine, the substance the Nazis abhorred as a ‘Jewish degeneration drug’.

According to Giesing’s notes, Hitler said: ‘It’s a good thing you’re here, doctor. This cocaine is wonderful, and I’m glad that you’ve found the right remedy. Free me from these headaches again for a while.’ But he added: ‘Please don’t turn me into a cocaine addict.’

Between the autumn of 1941, when he started being given hormone and steroid injections, and the second half of 1944, when first the cocaine and then, above all, the eukodal kicked in, Hitler hardly enjoyed a sober day.

He moved in a permanent fog: a doped-up performance athlete unable to stop – until the inevitable collapse.The Nazi party on a march in 1938. It was not only the hard-working servants of the Reich who became dependent on chemical stimulation. Their commander-in-chief, too, was addicted

Reoprts by the medical service on methamphetamine use in the attack on Poland in September 1939 fill whole dossiers in the Freiburg Military Archive. The molecular structure of methamphetamine is similar to adrenaline.

Those who take it feel livelier, energised to the tips of their fingers. Self-confidence rises, there is a sense of euphoria, and a feeling of lightness and freshness. A sense of emergency is experienced, as when one faces a sudden danger: an artificial kick.

The consequences for the German army were astounding – and terrifying for those unfortunate enough to stand in its way.

While Hitler allowed the world to believe he was a teetotaller, the reality was that he was a super-junkie, addicted to cocaine, the heroin-like eukodal, and a toxic cocktail of narcotics

In every aspect of the attack that led to the deaths of 100,000 Polish soldiers and, by the end of the year, 60,000 Polish civilians, the drug helped the aggressors to work ‘without any sign of tiredness until the end of the mission’.

The 3rd Panzer Division reported the following: ‘Often there is euphoria, an increase in attention span, clear intensification of performance, work is achieved without difficulty, a pronounced alertness effect and a feeling of freshness. Worked through the day, lifting of depression, returned to normal mood.’

For many soldiers, the drug seemed to be an ideal companion on the battlefield. It switched off inhibitions, which made fighting easier. A medical officer from the IX Army Corps raved: ‘I’m convinced that in big pushes, where the last drop has to be squeezed from the team, a unit supplied with Pervitin is superior.’

Contrary to what Nazi propaganda told the outside world, the Germans did not have superior armies. The Allies had better equipment and numerically greater forces.

Hitler refused to acknowledge these realities and was convinced the Aryan warrior’s soul would achieve dominance against the odds.

Drugs fuelled Hitler’s military decisions, helped him outlast his opponents, aided his recovery after assassination attempts, and also assisted him in the bedroom with Eva Braun

Time and again, mistakenly inspired by the military’s doped performance on the Polish campaign, he spoke of ‘miracles of courage of the German soldier’.

Another such Pervitin-fuelled ‘miracle’ came with the Wehrmacht’s invasion of France in May 1940. The plan was to push a lightning armada of tanks through the supposedly impassable Belgian Ardennes mountains to reach the French border city of Sedan within a few days, and then to charge all the way to the Atlantic coast.

In their trouser pockets the Germans always had their pep pills at the ready. They knew that the fighting could begin at any moment. When that happened, they had to be on top form and wide awake. The Wehrmacht was thus the first army in the world to rely on a chemical drug.

At the Temmler factory dozens of women sat at circular machines that looked like mechanical cakes. As many as 833,000 tablets could be pressed in a single day. The Wehrmacht had ordered an enormous quantity for the army and the Luftwaffe – 35 million in all.

 Like the German army, the Luftwaffe also became hooked on Pervitin

Side effects of the pharmacological mass abuse were also observed. Older officers from the age of 40 felt the effects of the use of meth on their hearts. One colonel with the 12th Panzer Division, who was known to ‘take a lot of Pervitin’, died of a heart attack while swimming in the Atlantic.

One captain also had a cardiac arrest after using Pervitin at a stag party. A lieutenant general complained of fatigue during long periods of fighting and took Pervitin before driving to the front to join the infantry, against medical advice. There he suffered a collapse.

Like the German army, the Luftwaffe also became hooked on Pervitin.

It soon became too dangerous to operate over Britain in daylight, and one bomber pilot described the situation: ‘The launch was very often late, 10 o’clock, 11 o’clock, and then you were over London or some other English city at about one or two in the morning, and of course then you’re tired. So you took one or two Pervitin tablets and then you were all right again.’

While Messerschmitts were technically inferior to British Spitfires, the Luftwaffe’s use of drugs was far ahead of that in the RAF. Pervitin had several nicknames that indicated its use – pilot salt, Stuka pills or Goring pills.

Spurred on by a disastrous cocktail of propaganda and pharmaceutical substances, people would become more and more dependent.

In Germany the use of the substance ran to more than a million doses per month.

National Socialism was toxic in the truest sense of the word. It gave the world a chemical legacy that still affects us today: a poison that refuses to disappear.

On one hand, the Nazis presented themselves as clean-cut and enforced a strict anti-drug policy, underpinned with propagandistic pomp and draconian punishments. In spite of this, a particularly potent and perfidious substance became a popular product under Hitler.

Studies show that two-thirds of those who take crystal meth excessively suffer from psychosis after three years.





Nazi Germany’s armed forces carried out their “Blitzkrieg” tactic in the invasions of France and Poland during World War II fueled by methamphetamine-based drugs, according to a German book soon to be published in English.

On October 6, German author Norman Ohler’s newly translated book Blitzed: Drugs in Nazi Germany will hit the shelves.

The German-language bestseller that was originally released in September 2015 explores the permeation of a variation of crystal meth and other opioid drugs used in all ranks of society during the reign of the Third Reich, far before the popular Netflix series Breaking Bad delved into the world of the highly-addictive drug.
Ohler’s findings were reportedly concluded from archival research in Germany and the US.

From 1937 onward, the Nazis mass produced the high quality methamphetamine pill labeled Pervitin. Before Pervitin even, its predecessor Volksdroge (the people’s drug) was readily available in chemist shops in the country.

Ohler’s book charges that the synthesized stimulant was distributed among German forces and became omnipresent in German society among the likes not only of top Nazi commanders, but that of factory workers and housewives.

“In the beginning the army didn’t realize Pervitin was a drug: soldiers thought it was just like drinking coffee,” the British Independent quoted an excerpt from the book as reading.
However, after testing the drug in Germany’s invasion of Poland in 1939, the army ordered the production of 35 million tablets of the substance before invading France in May 1940.

The drug allegedly induced Adolf Hitler’s troops to feel increased motivation and euphoria and fueled a sleepless rage through the Ardennes Forest in the Battle of France.

The book also allegedly explains how as Germany faced defeat toward the end of the war, Hitler and his entourage took refuge in potentially lethal cocktails of stimulants administered by the Nazi leader’s personal physician Theodor Morell.

While the author provides additional insight on a methods that helped the Nazis broaden their grasp of power in Europe, it does not explicitly validate the events or outcome of WWII based on the wide-spread presence of the drugs in German society at the time, according to the book’s synopsis.






FAIRFIELD — After sitting dormant for nearly two years, there was some movement Friday in the appeal of the lifetime prison sentence of a methamphetamine addict Fairfield mother who butchered her twin 3-year-old daughters in 2010.McCarrick_verdict-copy-714x1024

Monica McCarrick, 34, used a Samurai sword to fatally slash and repeatedly stab her daughters. A jury found her guilty in 2012 of two charges of murder and, after hearing about her troubled history of methamphetamine use, rejected her claim she was insane when she killed her daughters.

McCarrick was sentenced to life in prison without possibility of parole. She is currently locked up at a women’s prison in Chowchilla.

McCarrick apologized at her sentencing for what she did to Lili and Tori Ball on the night of Oct. 12, 2010, at their North Texas Street apartment. McCarrick tried unsuccessfully to kill herself after killing her daughters and she started a small fire, which triggered an alarm that sent police and firefighters to the apartment.

McCarrick’s appeal and the prosecution’s opposition to that appeal were filed with the Court of Appeal in 2014.
The Court of Appeal notified both sides Friday they court would hear oral arguments about the appeal at a Sept. 27 hearing in San Francisco.

McCarrick’s appeal focuses on the jury’s finding that McCarrick was not insane at the time of the murders.

McCarrick will not attend the hearing.






KALAMAZOO, MICH. (WZZM) – An Ohio man arrested with more than five pounds of crystal methamphetamine in Kalamazoo County has been indicted on federal drug and weapons charges that could put him in prison for decades.BuddyParker_1472762436461_5908095_ver1.0

Buddy Randal Parker, 36, was indicted this week for possession with intent to distribute methamphetamine and two weapons charges.

The Fairfield, Ohio man had been on police radar for about a month before officers nabbed him outside a home in Kalamazoo Township, recovering drugs, cash and weapons.

Parker admitted to transporting the drugs, federal court records show. His home in southern Ohio is about 260 miles from Kalamazoo. The methamphetamine charge is punishable by a mandatory minimum term of five years in prison and up to 40 years.

Crystal methamphetamine, or ‘ice,’ is a popular club-drug that often enters the U.S. from Mexico. The highly-purified form of methamphetamine undergoes additional refinement to remove impurities, giving it a crystal-like appearance. The amount seized has a street value of about $300,000, police said.

Investigators received information Parker would be delivering five pounds of crystal methamphetamine to a home on Gayle Street in Kalamazoo Township, federal court documents show.

He arrived in Kalamazoo driving a GMC Yukon with an Ohio license plate.  Parker checked into the Baymont Inn & Suites in Oshtemo Township on July 23 and was seen entering the hotel carrying two black bags, according to a criminal complaint filed  Aug. 1 by Drug Enforcement Administration Officer Justin Wonders.

Members of the Kalamazoo Valley Enforcement Team (KVET) watched as he returned to the Yukon carrying a “heavy-looking’’ black bag, Wonders wrote.

He was stopped after pulling into the driveway on Gayle Street, about seven miles from the hotel. Parker had a loaded .357-calber revolver in his waistband; two other handguns were found in the vehicle, Wonders wrote.

Because of a prior felony conviction in Ohio, Parker is prohibited from having a firearm.  He had a hotel card key and $5,000 in cash. An estimated 5-½ pounds of crystal methamphetamine was retrieved from the Yukon, along with a large digital scale, court records show.

“Parker stated that he had been in Kentucky delivering large amounts of Ice prior to delivering the five pounds of crystal methamphetamine to Michigan,’’ Wonders wrote in the criminal complaint.

Parker was initially charged in Kalamazoo District Court, but prosecution has now been turned over to the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Grand Rapids.






WOODLAND — Although she suspected her fiance was cheating on her, it wasn’t for revenge that she took her 19-day-old infant into the frigid waters of Ridge Cut Slough, Samantha Green told a detective shortly before he arrested her on suspicion of murder.

Rather, Green said, Frank Rees had convinced her during a weekend-long methamphetamine binge that the apocalypse was near, and it was her duty to protect baby Justice Rees from the Illuminati.

“I feel like I was a puppet,” Green answered when Yolo County Sheriff’s Detective Mike Glaser asked who was responsible for Justice’s death. “I feel like he’s been trying to get me out of the picture.”

And even though she acknowledged the actions in the slough were hers, Green insisted she’d been trying to do the right thing.

“I thought that I was saving that baby’s life,” Green said. “I know Justice would be proud of how much I fought for him.”

A video recording of the interview was aired over two days this week in Yolo Superior Court, where Green, 24, is being tried on a second-degree murder charge in connection with Justice’s Feb. 24, 2015, death. She has pleaded not guilty.

Taped on the night of Feb. 27, the nearly three-hour statement was the last of several Green gave investigators that week after she emerged, disheveled and distraught, from the slough three days earlier.

Searchers found Justice’s body the following morning, dead of exposure to the cold water and overnight temperatures that dipped into the low 30s.

Initially, Green told authorities she had been the victim of a kidnapping and sexual assault, that a friend of Rees’ had appeared near the slough and chased and groped her, forcing her to swim across the canal with Justice in her arms.

By the time Glaser interviewed her, however, Green admitted that “never happened.”

Drug abuse
Green also became more forthcoming about her drug abuse, which had resulted in an intervention by child welfare workers when Justice tested positive for methamphetamine at birth. A safety plan was created that called for the new parents to test clean and seek treatment for their addictions.

That plan didn’t last long.

Overwhelmed with her newborn baby, Rees’ frequent, extended absences from the house and caring for his four other children from a previous marriage, Green relapsed when Justice was about two weeks old.

Meanwhile, Rees’ behavior grew more and more bizarre, Green said. He suggested to her that there were cameras installed throughout the house and people living in the attic, and pressured her to engage in “threesomes” with other women.

One of them was “Monica,” a woman who sent Rees a Facebook message seeking a ride from Knights Landing to Woodland on Monday, Feb. 23.

Green said she and Rees used methamphetamine throughout that prior weekend, and that Rees gave her several “butt shots” — rectal injections of meth mixed with water — to arouse her for sexual activity.

The final shot, taken about 3 a.m. Monday, was larger and affected her differently than the others, leaving her “in a haze,” she recalled. Rees, meanwhile, continued his mind games.

“He told me that I’m a triplet, and he’s an octuplet,” and that Justice had a twin named Felony who was taken away at birth, Green said. “You’ll see him in time,” Rees said when Green demanded to know where he was.

“Everything sounded so real,” Green said. “I had no reason not to believe him.”

According to Green, Rees had wanted her to pick up Monica in Knights Landing, but the couple argued while fueling up their cars at a Woodland gas station, and Rees left to run the errand alone.

Rees’ character has taken a beating during the three-week trial, as witnesses have described him as a long-unemployed financial drain on his parents, with whom he lives, who showed little interest in Justice and his other children.

Initially subpoenaed as a prosecution witness, Rees is expected to appear in court next week as part of the defense case.

‘On my way’

Green told Glaser she had a change of heart, texting “I’m on my way” to Rees and heading north after stopping home to get Justice a bottle. In Knights Landing, she drove around looking for Rees, eventually parking by a levee road at around 11 a.m.

Earlier, Rees “said something was going to happen that night, and I needed to protect that baby with my life,” Green said. “He told me that all the major companies were going to be taken down” and that Justice was at risk of sacrifice.

Carrying Justice, her purse and a diaper bag, Green descended the steep embankment and swam across the slough, believing she’d find Rees on the other side. She said her head went under water at one point, and when she came up, Justice was floating away. She grabbed his arm and continued on.

After reaching the shore, Green said she wrapped a crying Justice in her cotton pea coat and walked through the thickets and trees, following a row of white dots she thought Rees had left for her, but which turned out to be bird droppings.

As the day wore on, Green saw houses, cars and people on the other side of the slough, but “I was trying to avoid all that, because he (Rees) told me to avoid all people,” she said. “I thought all those people were there to destroy everything.”

Exhausted and unable to walk any further, Green said she sat against a tree, laid Justice on her chest and passed out. When she awoke the next morning, her baby was next to her, cold and quiet.

“I knew that Justice was dead,” Green said, weeping. “I did kiss him and I told him that I’d be back for him. He was so peaceful.”

Placing blame
Asked who should be held accountable for Justice’s death, Green blamed Rees, saying she believed he should have seen her car parked near the slough.

“He left me out there with his son. He is the devil. He knew where I was,” Green said. “But if you don’t let me walk out of here, I understand.”

Moments later, Glaser handcuffed Green and took her to jail.

It turned out Green had more to say on March 11, when she summoned sheriff’s Lt. Hernan Oviedo to offer yet another statement.

In another video-recorded interview played in court, Green urged investigators to take a closer look at Rees’ role in Justice’s death because “I feel like Frank had something to do with it.”

Green said she believed she was drugged by more than just meth the day she went missing, and “I really think it was Frank. I have a feeling he just needed me out of the way. …He wants me to go down for murder.”

She instructed Oviedo to search Rees’ house for the syringe he’d used on her the morning she went into the slough because “I want to test it. I want to know what was in my system.” She also insisted her new statement was no bid for leniency in her court case.

“I will take whatever charges you want to give me, but I want to find out what happened,” Green said. But later in the interview she backtracked, saying she did not belong behind bars.

“I lost my son, and I’m the one who’s hurting the most,” Green said. “I really don’t feel like I should be in jail. I think I should be in a (drug treatment) program, grieving with my family. …I know I’m innocent. I’m not a criminal. I was manipulated by a criminal mastermind.”




ATLANTA —  A Mississippi man accused of killing five people in a south Alabama home with an axe and gun told investigators he parked in the woods nearby and injected methamphetamine into his veins shortly before the killings, court records say.Untitledtejkejetjketj

Search warrant affidavits say Laneta Lester was awakened by the sound of a gunshot, and saw her ex-boyfriend Derrick Dearman kill the other adult occupants of the home: three men and two women, one of whom was pregnant.

The slain have been identified as Shannon Melissa Randall, 35; Joseph Adam Turner, 26; Justin Kaleb Reed, 23; Chelsea Marie Reed, 22; and Robert Lee Brown, 26. All were related by blood or marriage, relatives have said. Lester is the sister of Turner, who was married to Randall.

Crime scene tape marks the home on Jim Platt Road near Citronelle, Ala., Sunday, Aug. 21, 2016, where authorities said five people were killed on Saturday. Police said that Derrick Dearman, 27, of Leakesville, Miss., has been taken into custody in connection with the murders. (John Sharp/AL.com via AP)

Both Lester and the child were released, and Dearman surrendered at the sheriff’s office in Greene County, Miss.. Citronelle police said they found the bodies Saturday afternoon after being notified by Greene County officers that Dearman claimed to have killed people.

Detectives say in the affidavits that Dearman gave “a full confession” when detectives interviewed him.

Dearman, of Leakesville, Miss., has pleaded not guilty to six counts of capital murder (one for the unborn child) and kidnapping. Authorities say he attacked the victims as they slept Aug. 20, then kidnapped Lester. Police say Lester had recently moved into the house to escape a violent relationship with Dearman.

Dearman had been charged with burglary in Mississippi months before the slayings.






  • Derrrick Dearman, 27, is charged with six counts of murder, including one count for the unborn child of a pregnant woman who was among the dead
  • He’s accused of attacking the victims as they slept August 20, then kidnapping his ex-girlfriend Laneta Lester
  • Lester told detectives that after the five had been slain, she grabbed the only other survivor, her brother’s 3-month-old infant
  • Dearman found the keys to her brother’s Dodge Caliber, forced her and the infant into the vehicle and then drove toward Mississippi, affidavits say
  • Lester managed to escape after Dearman arrived at his father’s home in Mississippi






A search warrant served by police in Vacaville late Wednesday required the closure of the No. 2 two lane of Alamo Drive and resulted in seven arrests as well as the seize of a large amount of methamphetamine and other narcotics, police said.

Vacaville Police Department detectives served the search warrant, which was related to stolen property and narcotics offenses, at approximately 11 p.m. at a residence in the 1600 block of Alamo Drive.

During the search, police shut down one lane of Alamo Drive.

“In order to safely secure the home and detain the multiple people/suspects, the No. 2 late was utilized,” the Vacaville Police Department explained in a Facebook post.

According to police, during a search of the residence, Vacaville Police Detectives discovered methamphetamine and evidence of the sales of methamphetamine, which included scales, packaging and money. Police also uncovered evidence of other narcotics use and possession, as well as loaded rifle and rifle ammunition. Furthermore, dozens of items of stolen property were found and subsequently returned to local businesses, police confirmed.

In total, the served search warrant yielded seven arrests.

Anthony Bravo, 37, of Vacaville, was arrested on suspicion of maintaining a drug house, possession of methamphetamine for sales and probation violation. Christina Cano, 33, of Vacaville, was arrested on suspicion of maintaining a drug house and possession of methamphetamine for sales. Mitchell Carges, 38, and Jesse Fisher, 37, both of Vacaville, were both arrested on suspicion of a drug house. Alexis Stevenson, 35, of Vacaville, was arrested on suspicion of maintaining a drug house, possession of methamphetamine and probation violation. Olivia Rodriguez, 25, of Vacaville, was arrested on suspicion of maintaining a drug house and possession of methamphetamine. Bobby Tavenner, 41, of Fairfield, was arrested on suspicion of possession of heroin, possession of drug paraphernalia, maintaining a drug house and possession of methamphetamine.

Following the search of the home, in which Vacaville police described as having “deplorable conditions in and around the residence,” representatives of the City of Vacaville’s Code Enforcement and Building Inspectors departments were called in, and later labeled the home unsafe for occupancy, police revealed. As a result, the occupants will temporarily be allowed to access the home to retrieve possessions. However, no one will be authorized to reside within the home, police added.





MIAMI COUNTY, Ohio (WDTN) – 3 people are behind bars and 5 people are still at large after officials bust a large drug smuggling ring in Miami County.

Large amounts of heroin and meth were recovered along with hundreds of thousands in cash. It’s an investigation that spanned more than 2 years and resulted in the indictments of 8 people–who police say have ties to a Mexican drug cartel.

Investigators recovered more than 80 pounds of heroin and meth along with $600,000. They also recovered 7 vehicles, 1 home in Tipp City and an A-T-V. The 8 people were indicted on charges of corrupt activities, racketeering, and influencing corrupt organization among other charges.

Miami County Chief Deputy Dave Duchak says the investigation shows that certain drugs are on the rise.

“The heroin scourge and we’re starting to see an increase in Methamphetamine,” Duchak said. “Again is devastating all of our communities. Here in Miami County, Here throughout the state and here throughout the country. And we will stirringly enforce Ohio drug trafficking laws in Miami County.”

Authorities believe the 5 others could be hiding out-of-state or in Mexico. Some are believed to be Mexican nationals. At this time, they say they’re not confirming the citizenship status of the 8 people.



Nearly 80 pounds of heroin, meth recovered in Miami County drug bust


“I follow these guys around,” she said of how she has started her own “Mama’s” crusade against drug dealers. “They know me as the woman who is following them around, yelling at them. That’s what we have to do, is publicly shame them. That’s traditional life.”

She said Lakota people for a long time have punished troublemakers by shaming them, by excluding them.57c912db311f6.image

“Banishment .. . Even though I know my own daughter will be banished. . . It’s tough love.”

Richard’s long story of being a victim of child sex abuse, domestic violence from her husband and her long use of alcohol, cocaine and other drugs held the attention of the 35 people at the Sex Trafficking Prevention & Red Sand Awareness Event in the Ramkota in Pierre on Thursday.

It continues this morning with Upper Midwest Community Policing Institute Training, bringing together tribal and state law enforcement officers, tribal leaders and other leaders involved in fighting human trafficking in Indian Country.

It is co-hosted by the South Dakota Coalition Ending Domestic and Sexual Violence, the Watertown Initiative to Prevent Sex Trafficking and the Dakota Casino Intelligence Unit.

Gayle Thom, retired as a victim specialist with the FBI, trains law enforcement officers and other first responders in South Dakota and now gives training on the increasing phenomenon of human trafficking.

Thom has worked at Ground Zero in New York City on 9/11, after Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans, and after the school shooting in Red Lake, Minnesota. Now she sees a disaster of that kind happening in South Dakota with the trafficking of people for sex and law enforcement and social services workers are more and more aware of it, she said.

Even with all her work for years across the state, including several reservations, Thom said, “It pains me to admit. . .I’m guilty of missing sex trafficking cases. I look back and I didn’t dig deep enough, I just chalked it up to domestic violence or ‘just’ a sexual assault case.”

But now federal prosecutors in South Dakota say that 40 to 50 percent of the sex trafficking cases in federal court involve American Indian women as victims. More and more boys are showing up as victims, Thom said.

Janice Howe told the conference the problems have been around for decades. Thirty years ago she found out a tribal council leader on the Crow Creek Indian Reservation southeast of Pierre was sexually abusing young women, holding parties to provide girls with alcohol. When Howe confronted the tribal leader, he threatened her, Howe said. “He died of a massive heart attack,” she said, before she contacted law enforcement.

Carla Marshall, a leader of the South Dakota Coalition Ending Domestic and Sexual Violence, coordinated the conference in Pierre.

On Thursday evening, participants gathered at the Capitol to sprinkle red sand in the cracks in the sidewalk. It’s part of national movement that says “We can’t allow victims of human trafficking to fall through the cracks of our society,” she said.

Richards says she travels to other reservations, other states, to fight trafficking.

She just returned from North Dakota where she took part in the protest against a proposed oil pipeline designed to transport Bakken crude oil.

She said the man camps for oil field workers have exploited Indian women and girls as well as increased the dealing of meth and other drugs.

“It’s a spiritual battle,” Richards said.

She believes there is a “a meth spirit,” that is evil and trying to foil her fight against it, by causing problems with her car, her cell phone. She uses traditional Lakota spiritual practices, like the sweat lodge and the sun dance fight it.

“We compare the meth spirit to Custer’s spirit,” she said. “We defeated it once, we can defeat it again.”





Houston County sheriff’s deputies arrested a convicted sex offender on Wednesday and charged him with trafficking synthetic marijuana and methamphetamine.

Houston County Sheriff’s Investigator Philip Small said narcotics 57c89e8dddd21.imageinvestigators recently arrested Ronnie Lee Cole, 41, of Ashford, and charged him with trafficking meth, trafficking synthetic marijuana, first-degree possession of marijuana and unlawful possession of a controlled substance.

Small said the charges stemmed from narcotics investigators serving a search warrant at Cole’s home located in the 4000 block of Old Highway 84 East in Ashford on July 27. He said deputies seized around 2 ounces of meth and approximately 56 grams of synthetic marijuana during the search.

Court records show deputies charged Cole with felony unlawful possession of a controlled substance for the possession of crack cocaine.

Small said the charges were the result of a month-long investigation by narcotics investigators with the Houston County Sheriff’s Office.

Cole was booked into the Houston County Jail and held on bail totaling $320,000 bail.

Court records show Cole to be a five-time convicted felon and convicted sex offender. Records show Cole was convicted of second-degree rape of a 15-year-old girl in Houston County in 1995.

Records show Cole also has prior convictions for second-degree robbery, unlawful possession of a controlled substance and two counts of failure to register as a convicted sex offender.




A former Faulkner County jail officer was arrested and terminated Thursday on drug-related charges stemming from interactions with inmates, according to the sheriff’s office.51371029F_copy_t630

That employee, Luke Wimberly, 21, of Conway, was booked around 7 a.m. at the jail and immediately fired, sheriff’s office spokesman Adam Bledsoe said in a statement. Wimberly had been an officer at the facility for just over two years.

Wimberly faces felony charges of furnishing prohibited articles and delivery of less than 2 grams of methamphetamine as well as a misdemeanor charge of abuse of an officer, the sheriff’s office said.

Bledsoe said by phone that additional information regarding the ongoing investigation was not being released as of Thursday afternoon.

Wimberly was released from the Faulkner County jail on $12,850 bond at 9:35 a.m., records show. A first appearance in court had not been set at that time, according to the sheriff’s office.





People often question as to why I am so interested in needle meth use, especially by women.

That’s a legitimate question.

I have been studying drug addiction, primarily cocaine and more recently meth, for about 35 years. Much of my work has been in a research laboratory, but a few years ago I started going out into the local community to speak to meth users face-to-face. I have met with them in treatment centers, in prisons, and even in my office. I have talked to men as well as women. I can honestly say that I have learned so much more from talking to meth users, and actually listening to them, than I ever did from all the medical books and journals I read.

First, let me assure that I want to help everyone struggling with meth, men as well as women. I don’t discriminate.

But there are several reasons for my specific interest in women.

Methamphetamine is a drug used by people all around the world. And while men are two to three times more likely to use most other drugs, women are as likely to use meth as men are.

The reasons for this are not really clear.

Historically, at least until relatively recently, medical and scientific research focused on males only, unless it was research on a female-specific disease such as endometriosis. There were a variety of reasons for this (including bias), but the result was that many diseases were not studied in women for many years.

The same holds true for methamphetamine. This is starting to change now, but if you really dig into the medical and scientific research on meth, you will soon discover that the vast majority of this research has been conducted in men.

One very significant line of research is meth use in men who have sex with men. This research has been conducted because meth is often associated with sex (more about that in a sec). Meth tends to increase sexual arousal while decreasing inhibitions. Therefore, safe sex is not often practiced.

Doctors and scientists soon realized that the rate of HIV/AIDS was higher in men who have sex with men and who also use meth. Some research even suggested that meth makes it easier to be infected with the virus that causes AIDS.

So there has been a lot of research focusing on the effects of meth in men compared to research on its effects in women. But there are other reasons for my interest in women.

In my opinion, drug addiction, whether it is meth or even some another drug, is especially difficult for women.

We all know that a woman can become pregnant, whether intentional or not. And when she becomes a mother, she also becomes responsible for her child. In an ideal world, the father would share in the care of the child that he shares with the mother.

But we also know the reality. In far too many cases, the mother becomes the primary caregiver for her baby. What if this mother is also struggling with meth or other drugs? Who is going to take care of her baby if mom is on a three-day meth binge?

Who makes sure that her baby is fed? Who gives her a bath? When she is older, who helps her with her homework and gets her ready for school? Too often the child depends solely on her mother.

So my interest in women is, in part, because of the innocent children that often become victims of meth.

Meth often starts being used as a means to survive. A mother can take care of her children and work a full-time job and become “supermom” if she can just find the energy. Many people unwittingly fall into the clutches of meth because they initially turned to this insidious chemical as an energy boost, and they usually start by smoking it.

And then she tries injecting meth for the first time in an attempt to really boost her energy levels. She can handle it, right?

But then everything changes.

As already suggested, more than most other drugs, injected meth is so often associated with sex. Some women claim that meth produces sexual desire and/or arousal and reduces inhibitions. Some even claim than the euphoria associated with an injection of meth, when it is of sufficient purity and dosage, is very similar to sexual pleasure.

But it is never quite as good as that first time ever again. It can still be quite euphoric – for a while, but just not quite as good. So she continues to use meth, seeking that first high.

It’s as though the drug is calling out to her – but lying to her. Inside her head a little voice tells her that all she needs to do is to inject just a little bit more meth. Maybe she just needs to make the meth solution in the syringe a little thicker. Maybe if she can just find that dealer that sold her the “really good dope” that time…

But as with most things, too much of a good thing often becomes harmful. I think that God created us this way.

Meth increases levels of the brain pleasure chemical called dopamine more than any other pleasurable activity. Other drugs also increase dopamine – that’s why people enjoy using them too. But meth increases dopamine three or four times more than even cocaine or morphine.

However. the massive amounts of dopamine that meth releases in the brain actually begin to damage the very nerve cells that release the pleasure chemical. So over time, the user realizes that meth doesn’t make her feel as good as it used to. So she uses more and more of the drug, trying to find that euphoria she covets. But it’s to no avail. The more she uses, the more her dopamine cells are damaged.

Eventually she gets to the point that she feels like she has to slam meth just to feel normal – just to get out of bed.

She feels helpless and lost and so afraid.

But there’s more.

If a man first “introduced” a woman to meth, sometimes he can gain tremendous control over her. The euphoria is so sexual, women often resort to sex to get meth. In addition, men are typically bigger and physically stronger than women to begin with, and if a man is the source for meth, women will often do anything to get more meth.

I have talked to men as well as women. Many of the men were in prison and told me about their exploits with women. But men on the outside told me many of the same things. I often heard of instances where a man was able to convince women to do literally anything that he wished or demanded – all for just another shot of meth. They’ve shared their stories with me – men and women alike.

I have heard of so many cases where women ended up as prostitutes or in other forms of sex trafficking after becoming addicted to meth. That’s slavery and it’s wrong! Sex trafficking is a real and growing problem in the United States – and meth is often a contributing factor.

I have also heard, primarily from women, about how slamming meth is different from smoking or snorting the drug – especially with respect to the sexual effects I mentioned above. That is why I specifically ask for women with experience slamming meth to contact me. Everyone tells me about this difference, but you won’t find it mentioned in any medical book or journal. I intend to change that.

Most people in this field, unfortunately, do not take the time to actually listen to the people that they are trying to help. They just run more tests and prescribe drugs. How sad!

I have asked some of the women I have talked to if they had ever discussed many of the things that we talked about with their counselors. They almost always say no. When I ask why not, they tell me that they were never asked.

In my opinion, that’s just tragic. I want to make a difference and change things. Women matter to me – people matter to me! And like I always say, if I can just help one person, then it has all been worth it.

I honestly believe that God has placed this mission in my heart.



On August 27th, Alabama State Trooper Oliver did a routine stop on a vehicle driven by Diana Cortez, 27 of Albertville and was found to have felony warrants from Marshall County.Diana-Cortez-1

As Cortez was arrested she was found to have over 3 ounces of Methamphetamine on her person, at which time the DeKalb County Drug and Major Crimes Unit was contacted.

Cortez was transported to the DeKalb County Detention Center and was charged with Trafficking in any Illegal Drug, Unlawful Possession of Controlled Substance, and Unlawful Possession of Drug Paraphernalia and was later charged with Chemical endangerment of exposing a child after she was found to be pregnant.





Albertville Woman Charged for taking Meth while Pregnant and Drug Trafficking